Posted in FRANCISCAN OFM, SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 8 November – Blessed John Duns Scotus OFM (c 1265-1308)

Saint of the Day – 8 November – Blessed John Duns Scotus OFM (c 1265-1308) Doctor Subtilis (Subtle Doctor) Franciscan Friar, Priest, Theologian, Philosopher, Lecturer – known as “The minstrel of the Word Incarnate” and “Defender of Mary’s Immaculate Conception”.HEADER bl john scotus

A humble man, John Duns Scotus has been one of the most influential Franciscans through the centuries.   Born at Duns in the county of Berwick, Scotland, John was descended from a wealthy farming family.   In later years, he was identified as John Duns Scotus to indicate the land of his birth – Scotia is the Latin name for Scotland.

John received the habit of the Friars Minor at Dumfries, where his uncle Elias Duns was superior.   After novitiate, John studied at Oxford and Paris and was ordained in 1291. More studies in Paris followed until 1297, when he returned to lecture at Oxford and Cambridge.   Four years later, he returned to Paris to teach and complete the requirements for the doctorate.BlJohnDunsScotus8-11

In an age when many people adopted whole systems of thought without qualification, John pointed out the richness of the Augustinian-Franciscan tradition, appreciated the wisdom of Aquinas, Aristotle, and the Muslim philosophers—and still managed to be an independent thinker.   That quality was proven in 1303, when King Philip the Fair tried to enlist the University of Paris on his side in a dispute with Pope Boniface VIII.  John Duns Scotus dissented and was given three days to leave France.

In Scotus’s time, some philosophers held that people are basically determined by forces outside themselves.   Free will is an illusion, they argued.   An ever-practical man, Scotus said that if he started beating someone who denied free will, the person would immediately tell him to stop.   But if Scotus didn’t really have a free will, how could he stop?   John had a knack for finding illustrations his students could remember!BL JOHN DUN SCOTUS

After a short stay in Oxford, Scotus returned to Paris, where he received the doctorate in 1305.   He continued teaching there and in 1307 so ably defended the Immaculate Conception of Mary that the university officially adopted his position.   That same year, the minister general assigned him to the Franciscan school in Cologne where John died in 1308.   He is buried in the Franciscan church near the famous Cologne cathedral.BL duns-scotus

Drawing on the work of John Duns Scotus, Pope Pius IX solemnly defined the Immaculate Conception of Mary in 1854.   On 20 March 1993 John Duns Scotus, the “Subtle Doctor,” was beatified by St Pope John Paul II at St Peter’s Basilica in Rome.

Bl John Duns Scotus, “The minstrel of the Word Incarnate” and “Defender of Mary’s Immaculate Conception” was presented by St Pope John Paul II to our age “wealthy of human, scientific and technological resources, but in which many have lost the sense of faith and lead lives distant from Christ and His Gospel,” as “a Teacher of thought and life.” For the Church, he is “an example of fidelity to the revealed truth, of effective, priestly and serious dialogue in search for unity.”header - Beato_Giovanni_Duns_Scoto_B

Author:

Passionate Catholic. Being Catholic is a way of life - a love affair both with God and Father, our Lord Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit, our most Blessed and Beloved Virgin Mother Mary and the Church. "Religion must be like the air we breathe..."- St John Bosco With the Saints, we "serve the Lord with one consent and serve the Lord with one pure language, not indeed to draw them forth from their secure dwelling-places, not superstitiously to honour them, or wilfully to rely on the, ... but silently to contemplate them for edification, thereby encouraging our faith, enlivening our patience..." Blessed John Henry Newman Prayer is what the world needs combined with the example of our lives which testify to the Light of Christ. This site will mainly concentrate on Daily Prayers, Novenas and the Memorials and Feast Days of our friends in Heaven, the Saints who went before us and the great blessings the Church provides in our Catholic Monthly Devotions. "For the saints are sent to us by God as so many sermons. We do not use them, it is they who move us and lead us, to where we had not expected to go.” Charles Cardinal Journet (1891-1975) This is a papal fidelity site. Loyal and Obedient to the Current Pope and to the Magisterium United With Him.

One thought on “Saint of the Day – 8 November – Blessed John Duns Scotus OFM (c 1265-1308)

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s