Posted in MARTYRS, SAINT of the DAY

Saints of the Day – 9 July – St Augustine Zhao Rong and Companions or Martyrs of China

Saints of the Day – 9 July – St Augustine Zhao Rong, Priest and Martyr (Died + 1815) and his 119 companions or Martyrs of China (Died 1648–1930, Qing dynasty and Republic of China).st augustine zhao ron pen drawing

Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria in the 600s.   Depending on China’s relations with the outside world, Christianity over the centuries was free to grow or was forced to operate secretly.   A period of persecution in regard to the Christian religion occurred in the nineteenth century.St. Augustine Zhao Rong, and companions

While Catholicism had been authorised by some Emperors in the preceding centuries, Emperor Kia-Kin (1796-1821) published, instead, numerous and severe decrees against it. The first was issued in 1805.   Two edicts of 1811 were directed against those among the Chinese who were studying to receive sacred orders and against priests who were propagating the Christian religion  . A decree of 1813 exonerated voluntary apostates from every chastisement, that is, Christians who spontaneously declared that they would abandon their faith but all others were to be dealt with harshly.st augustine xhao rong martyrs of china

In 1815 there came two other decrees, with which approval was given to the conduct of the Viceroy of Sichuan who had beheaded Monsignor Dufresse, of the Paris Foreign Missions Society (MEP) and some Chinese Christians.   As a result, there was a worsening of the persecution.

St John Gabriel Taurin Dufresse, MEP, Bishop, was arrested on the 18th of May 1815, taken to Chengdu, condemned and executed on 14 September 1815.

Saint Augustine Zhao Rong was a Chinese diocesan priest.   Having first been one of the soldiers who had escorted Monsignor Dufresse from Chengdu to Beijing, he was moved by his patience and had then asked to be numbered among the neophytes.   Once baptised, he was sent to the seminary and then ordained a priest.   Arrested, he had to suffer the most cruel tortures and then died in 1815.SOD-0709-SaintAugustineZhaoRongandCompanions-790x480

They were Beatified in groups at various times but these 120 Martyrs were Canonised together in Rome on 1 October 2000 by St Pope John Paul II.st_augustine_zhao_rong__and_companions__icon by_nowitzkitramonto-db67rbk

st augustine zhao rong -Martyr_Saints_of_China
Memorial plaque at Saint Francis Xavier Church (Ho Chi Minh City)

Author:

Passionate Catholic. Being Catholic is a way of life - a love affair both with God and Father, our Lord Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit, our most Blessed and Beloved Virgin Mother Mary and the Church. "Religion must be like the air we breathe..."- St John Bosco With the Saints, we "serve the Lord with one consent and serve the Lord with one pure language, not indeed to draw them forth from their secure dwelling-places, not superstitiously to honour them, or wilfully to rely on the, ... but silently to contemplate them for edification, thereby encouraging our faith, enlivening our patience..." Blessed John Henry Newman Prayer is what the world needs combined with the example of our lives which testify to the Light of Christ. This site will mainly concentrate on Daily Prayers, Novenas and the Memorials and Feast Days of our friends in Heaven, the Saints who went before us and the great blessings the Church provides in our Catholic Monthly Devotions. "For the saints are sent to us by God as so many sermons. We do not use them, it is they who move us and lead us, to where we had not expected to go.” Charles Cardinal Journet (1891-1975) This is a papal fidelity site. Loyal and Obedient to the Current Pope and to the Magisterium United With Him.

3 thoughts on “Saints of the Day – 9 July – St Augustine Zhao Rong and Companions or Martyrs of China

  1. Hi, just thought you should know that 2 of the images of the group of martyrs displayed on this page are NOT of St Augustine Zhao and his Companions.

    Rather, they are icons of the Orthodox priest St Mitrophan Yang and his Companions, who were also martyred in the Boxer Rebellion. The name of St Mitrophan can be clearly seen in his halo each time and his wife is shown standing beside him.
    The image is displayed on the Orthodox Wiki at:
    https://orthodoxwiki.org/Martyrs_of_China

    Liked by 1 person

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