Posted in SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 29 January – St Pope Gelasius II (c 1060–1119)

Saint of the Day – 29 January – St Pope Gelasius II (c 1060–1119) born Giovanni Caetani or Giovanni da Gaeta (also called Coniulo), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 24 January 1118 to his death in 1119.   A monk of Monte Cassino and chancellor of Pope Paschal II, Caetani was unanimously elected to succeed him.   In doing so he also succeeded to the conflicts with Emperor Henry V over investiture.   Gelasius spent a good part of his brief papacy in exile.ST pope galatius II alamy

He was born between 1060 and 1064 at Gaeta into the Pisan branch of the Caetani family, and became a monk of Monte Cassino.   Pope Urban II, who wished to improve the style of papal documents, brought him to Rome and made Caetani a Papal subdeacon (August 1088) and Cardinal deacon of Santa Maria in Cosmedin (probably on 23 September 1088). As Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church from 1089 to 1118, he drastically reformed the papal administration, establishing a permanent staff of clerks for the papacy, overcoming the previous custom of relying on Roman notaries to write Papal documents and introducing the minuscule curial script.   His tenure also established the precedent of the Papal Chancellor always being a cardinal and holding the office for life or until elected pope.

Shortly after his unanimous election to succeed Pope Paschal II in 1118, he was seized by Cencio II Frangipane, a partisan of Holy Roman Emperor Henry V but was freed by a general uprising of the Romans on his behalf.ST Pope_Gelasius_II

Henry V sought to enforce the privilege of investiture conceded (and later revoked in 1112) by the Papacy, under duress, by Paschal II.   He drove Gelasius II from Rome in March 1118, pronounced his election null and void and set up Maurice Bourdin, Archbishop of Braga, as antipope under the name of Gregory VIII.

Gelasius II fled to Gaeta, where he was Ordained a Priest on 9 March 1118 and on the following day received Episcopal Consecration.  st galasius IIHe at once excommunicated Henry V and the antipope and, under Norman protection, was able to return to Rome in July.   But the disturbances of the imperialist party, especially those of the Frangipani, who attacked the Pope while celebrating Mass in the church of St Prassede, compelled Gelasius II to go once more into exile.  He set out for France, consecrating the Cathedral of Pisa on the way and arrived at Marseille in October.   He was received with great enthusiasm at Avignon, Montpellier and other cities, held a Synod at Vienne in January 1119 and was planning to hold a General Council to settle the investiture contest when he died at the Abbey of Cluny.

Author:

Passionate Catholic. Being Catholic is a way of life - a love affair both with God and Father, our Lord Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit, our most Blessed and Beloved Virgin Mother Mary and the Church. "Religion must be like the air we breathe..."- St John Bosco With the Saints, we "serve the Lord with one consent and serve the Lord with one pure language, not indeed to draw them forth from their secure dwelling-places, not superstitiously to honour them, or wilfully to rely on the, ... but silently to contemplate them for edification, thereby encouraging our faith, enlivening our patience..." Blessed John Henry Newman Prayer is what the world needs combined with the example of our lives which testify to the Light of Christ. This site will mainly concentrate on Daily Prayers, Novenas and the Memorials and Feast Days of our friends in Heaven, the Saints who went before us and the great blessings the Church provides in our Catholic Monthly Devotions. "For the saints are sent to us by God as so many sermons. We do not use them, it is they who move us and lead us, to where we had not expected to go.” Charles Cardinal Journet (1891-1975) This site adheres to the Catholic Church and all her teachings but rejects the Second Vatican Council as heretical and, therefore, all that followed it.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s