Posted in SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 2 October – Saint Thomas de Cantilupe of Hereford (c 1218-1282)

Saint of the Day – 2 October – Saint Thomas de Cantilupe of Hereford (c 1218-1282) Bishop of Hereford, Confessor, learned Scholar, known for his care of the poor and his protection of them against feaudal landlords, miracle-worker, Chancellor of Oxford University, Lord Chancellor of England. Born in c 1218 at Hambleden, Buckinghamshire and died on 25 August 1282 at Ferento, Montefiascone, Italy. Thomas de Cantilupe was the last Englishman Canonised before the Reformation. Also known as – St Thomas of Cantelow, Cantelou, Canteloupe, Cantelupo. Additional memorial – 25 August. Patronages – Hereford, Hambledon.

The Roman Martyrology states: “At Montefiascone in Tuscia, the passing of Saint Thomas Cantelupe, Bishop of Hereford in England, who, resplendent with learning, severe toward himself, to the poor however showed himself a generous benefactor.

Publication issued in 2020

He was of noble and politically prominent Anglo-Norman family, the son of William, 2nd Baron Cantilupe and his wife Millicent de Gournay, widow of Amaury de Montfort, Count of Evreux. His father’s brother, Walter, was Bishop of Worcester and, by him, young Thomas was educated. The future bishop and saint also studied in Oxford and Paris and, before he had passed middle age, he was known everywhere as one of the most remarkable of scholar-ecclesiastics who did so much to redeem the name of the Church in the 13th century.

He was Ordained in c 1245 and made a career in Canon Law, lecturing at the Universities of Paris and Oxford. His lawyer’s training and innate Christian hatred of injustice, led to an involvement in politics. He was the Barons’ spokesman in their rebellion against Henry III and was named Chancellor of England by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester and main opponent to Henry III. . When de Montfort was killed at the Battle of Evesham, Thomas was dismissed from the Chancellor’s post and went into exile

The Ordination of St Thomas

In 1273, he returned to England and was appointed Doctor of Divinity and, for the second time, elected Chancellor of Oxford University.

Chancellor of Oxford

In 1275, Thomas was appointed Bishop of Hereford and set about defending the rights of the Diocese against the encroachments of, both fellow Bishops and lay lords. His combative approach made him many enemies. He insisted on a high standard of discipline and pastoral care from his Priests but was loved by the lay faithful for his large , gentle and kindly heart and holy life and their affection was not diminished by his hospitality and boundless charity. to those in any kind of need.

Thomas also fell foul of John Peckham, Archbishop of Canterbury, for his defence of the rights of individual Bishops against their Archbishop and Peckham excommunicated him. Thomas set off for Rome in 1282 to put his case before Pope Martin IV and it is believed that he obtained absolution;. Thomas, however, died near Orvieto (in Umbria, just north of Rome).

St Thomas de Cantelupe Appeals to Pope Martin IV

Richard Swinfield, his Successor in the See of Hereford, who had accompanied Bishop Cantilupe to Italy as his Chaplain, arranged that part of his relics were interred in the Church of Santo Severo, near Orvieto; the heart was conveyed to the Monastic Church of Ashridge in Buckinghamshire and the bones were brought to his own Cathedral at Hereford. As they were being conveyed into the Church, says the compiler of the Bishop’s ‘Life and Miracles,’ Gilbert Earl of Gloucester approached and touched the casket which contained them, whereupon they ‘bled-a-fresh’. The Earl was struck with compunction and made full restitution to the Church of all the lands which Bishop Cantilupe had rightly claimed from him.

St Thomas’ Death with King Edward I

Bishop Swinfield, who had been the constant companion of Thomas and many of the contemporary chroniclers, bear witness to the purity and excellence of the Bishop’s life and his tomb soon became distinguished by miracles. The first of these, occurred in April 1287. At the time, of the removal of his remains from the tomb in the Lady Chapel to the Shrine which had been provided for them in the north transept. The number of marvels increased daily and, in 1289, Bishop Swinfield, wrote to the Pope requesting his Canonisation. Many difficulties, however, were interposed and in spite of numerous letters from King Edward I and his son, Edward II, it was not until May 1320 that Rome eventually found in his favour and the Bull of Canonisation was issued by Pope John XXII. Our Saint holds the dubious honour of being the only Canonised Saint to have been excommunicate at the time of his death.

At the Reformation all the Shrines in Hereford Cathedral were swept away. St Thomas’ Shrine was wholly demolished but the faithful managed to rescue some of his relics, including his head. These bones were preserved until the seventeenth century by local Catholics but were dispersed thereafter, some of St Thomas’ relics are still honoured in England at Belmont Abbey in Herefordshire, Stonyhurst College in Lancashire and since 1881, St Thomas’ skull has be preserved at Downside Abbey.

St Thomas was an exemplary Bishop in both spiritual and secular affairs. His charities were large and his private life blameless. He was constantly visiting his Diocese, correcting offenders and discharging other episcopal duties and he compelled neighbouring landholders to restore estates which rightly belonged to the See of Hereford. St Thomas has been lauded as the “Father of Modern Charity” and is cited as an inspiration by Mother Teresa of Calcutta and other charitable people, apostolates and organisations.

A book entitled ‘The Life and Miracles of Saint Thomas Cantelupe,‘ said to be compiled from evidences at Rome, collected before his Canonisation, was published at Ghent in 1674. No fewer than four hundred and twenty-five miracles are registered, reported to be wrought at his tomb. . . . Yea, it is recorded in his legend, that by his prayers were raised from death to life, three-score several persons, one-and-twenty lepers healed and three-and-twenty blind and dumb men to have received their sight and speech.”

Here is a record of the miracles of St Thomas: https://www.jstor.org/stable/29529225

Prayer to St Thomas

Hail Thomas,
good shepherd,
patron of the flock of Christ
and teacher of the Church,
lend your help to the sick,
I beg you,
and confer on devout minds
by your intercession,
the light of grace,
through Christ our Lord.
Amen

St Thomas relics at Hereford Cathedral
Hereford Cathedral
Posted in ArchAngels and Angels, MARIAN TITLES, MARTYRS, YouTube VIDEOS

The Holy Guardian Angels, Matka Boża Różańcowa / Our Lady of the Rosary, Krakow, Poland (1600s) and Memorials of the Saints – 2 October

The Holy Guardian Angels (Memorial)
Blessed Angels here:

https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/10/02/saint-of-the-day-the-holy-guardian-angels-2-october/
AND St Bernard on the Guardian Angels:
https://anastpaul.com/2019/10/02/memorial-of-the-holy-guardian-angels-2-octobe-sermon-on-the-holy-guardian-angels-by-st-bernard/

Matka Boża Różańcowa / Our Lady of the Rosary, Krakow, Poland (1600s) – First Sunday of October, 2 October:

In the Dominican Basilica of the Trinity in Cracow is a large Chapel dedicated to the Mother of God of the Rosary. The icon on its main Altar, crowned on 2 October 1921, is a copy of the ancient Salus Populi Romani (Health of the Roman People) image in the Basilica of St Mary Major of the Snows in Rome — the icon Pope Gregory the Great carried in procession to end the plague of 597. During the Battle of Lepanto (7 October 571), when ships of a coalition of Christian countries routed the Turkish navy off Greece, Pope Pius V prayed the Rosary with a large group of faithful before the Roman icon. The old image thus became associated with the newer devotion of the Rosary and with saving Europe from Ottoman rule.

Churches throughout Catholic Europe were dedicated to Our Lady of the Rosary and copies of the Salus Populi Romani proliferated. Cardinal Maciejowski brought such a copy from Rome to Cracow in 1600. The image played a part in the “Polish Lepanto” in 1621, when at Khotyn, Ukraine (then Chocim, Poland) an allied force of Poles, Lithuanians and Ukrainians faced a Turkish army twice its size. On 3 October, the Bishop of Krakow led an hours-long Rosary procession with the holy icon. The entire population joined in. When the Turks gave up their attack and signed a treaty, Our Lady of the Rosary gained another victory. Her feast is celebrated in Krakow on the first Sunday of October.

The Swedish deluge contributed to the destruction of the original image of the Mother of God. T he cult, however, was so strong that a copy of the previous painting was quickly funded.  The present one comes from the 50s and 60s of the 17th century. Numerous votive offerings made on the occasion of receiving favours have also survived from that time.  The oldest exhibited in the Church are dated to 1703, the older ones are in the Archdiocese Museum. The love for the Blessed Mother is also evidenced by the silver dress donated in the 1770s by the Działyński family,and the sceptre of Our Lady of the “Pious Gregory of Pierzchno” foundation at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries.

St Alfonso del Rio
St Andrea Ximenez

Blessed Antoine Chevrier TOSF (1825-1879) Third Order Franciscan, Priest, Founder of the Sisters of Prado and the Institute of the Priests of Prado.
About Blessed Antoince:

https://anastpaul.com/2018/10/02/saint-of-the-day-2-october-blessed-antoine-chevrier-t-o-s-f-1825-1879/

St Beregisius
St Eleutherius of Nicomedia
Bl Georges-Edme René
St Gerinus

St Leodegar of Autun OSB (c 625-679) Bishop and Martyr, Monk, Abbot, Reformer.
His Life and Death:

https://anastpaul.com/2020/10/02/saint-of-the-day-2-october-saint-leodegar-of-autun-c-625-679-martyr/

St Leudomer
St Maria Antonina Kratochwil
St Modesto of Sardinia
St Saturius of Soria
St Theophilus of Bulgaria
St Thomas de Cantilupe of Hereford (c 1218-1282) Bishop
St Ursicinus II

Martyred in Antioch, Syria: Martyred in one of the early persecutions, date unknown.
St Cyril of Antioch
St Primus of Antioch
St Secundarius of Antioch

Martyred in Nagasaki, Japan: A husband, wife and two sons, who were all martyred together in the persecutions in Japan. They were beheaded on 2 October 1622 in Nagasaki, Japan and Beatified by Pope Pius IX on 7 May 1867.
• Blessed Andreas Yakichi
• Blessed Franciscus Yakichi
• Blessed Lucia Yakichi
• Blessed Ludovicus Yakichi

Martyred in the Spanish Civil War:
• Blessed Elías Carbonell Molla
• Blessed Enrique Sáiz-Aparicio
• Blesssed Felipe González de Heredia Barahona
• Blessed Francisco Carceller Galindo
• Blessed Isidoro Bover Oliver
• Blessed Juan Carbonell Molla
• Blessed Juan Iñiguez de Ciriano Abechuco
• Blessed Manuel Borrajo Míguez
• Blessed María Francisca Ricart Olmos
• Blessed Mateu Garrolera Masferrer
• Blessed Pedro Artolozaga Mellique
• Blessed Pedro Salcedo Puchades