Posted in MARTYRS, SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 12 September – Blessed Apolinaris Franco Garcia OFM (1575-1622) Priest, Martyr,

Saint of the Day – 12 September – Blessed Apolinaris Franco Garcia OFM (1575-1622) Priest, Martyr, Franciscan Friar (Observant), Missionary to Japan. Additional Memorials – 10 September as one of the 205 Martyrs of Japan, 22 May as one of the Franciscan Martyrs of Japan. Also known as – Apollinar, Apolinar Garcia.

Soon after the glorious Martyrdom of St Peter Baptist and his twenty-five companions at Nagasaki in 1597, numerous missionaries were able to return to Japan and for a time their work was crowned with extraordinary success. However, in 1613 a new persecution commenced, far worse than the first and it lasted until 1638, when Japan adopted a policy of complete isolation. During this persecution some missionaries were able to hide themselves in the mountains and to continue their work in secret, at least for a time and some, including our Blessed Franciscan, even managed to enter the country. Many of them, together with a large number of their converts, won the Martyr’s Crown.

Blessed Apollinaris was born in Old Castile, Spain where he joined the Franciscan Order. In 1614, he was sent to Japan to head the Japanese Franciscan mission, the year after that the new Japanese Shogun had instituted a nationwide ban on Christianity and declared that being a Christian, would be viewed as a capital offence.

Friar Apollinaris Franco evangelised covertly until he was arrested in 1617 and thrown into prison in Nagasaki along with other Priests and laymen. There, they spent five years awaiting execution. The conditions in the prison were exceedingly harsh and inhuman – which was intentional, hoping by this means to force the prisoners to reject the Faith.

Apollinaris ministered to the other prisoners and converted some of the jailers through his example and teaching. On 12 September 1622, he was burned at the stake along with other Franciscans and Jesuits.

Blessed Apollinaris and his companions, were declared Blessed by Pope Pius IX on 27 July 1867. On the same occasion, one hundred and sixty other Japanese martyrs who died between 1617 and 1632 were Beatified.


Feast of the Holy Name of Mary (1683) and Memorials of the Saints – 12 September

The 16th Sunday after Pentecost
Twenty-fourth Sunday in Ordinary Time

Feast of the Holy Name of Mary (1683 ) – 12 September:
Feast of the entire Latin Church. It was first observed at Cuenca, Spain in 1513, then extended to the universal Church and assigned to its present place and rank by Pope Innocent XI in 1683 in thanksgiving to God and the Blessed Virgin for the liberation of Vienna, France and the signal victory over the Turks on 12 September 1683. It is the titular feast of the Society of Mary (Marianists) and of the Congregation of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate.

Blessed Mother Mary:

St Ailbe (Died 528) Bishop “The Patrick of Munster,” Confessor, Evangelist – Saint Ailbe is venerated as one of the four great Patrons of Ireland.

Blessed Apolinaris Franco Garcia OFM (1575-1622) Priest, Martyr

St Autonomous
St Curonotus
St Dominic Magoshichi
St Eanswida
St Francis of Saint Bonaventure
St Franciscus Ch’oe Kyong-Hwan

St Guy of Anderlecht (c 950–1012) Hermit and Pilgrim known as “the Poor Man of Anderlecht”
His Life:

St Juventius of Pavia

Bl Maria Luisa Angelica/Gertrude Prosperi (1799-1847)
St Mancius of Saint Thomas
St Paul of Saint Clare
Bl Pierre-Sulpice-Christophe Faverge
St Sacerdos of Lyon
St Silvinus of Verona
St Tomás de Zumárraga Lazcano

Martyrs of Alexandria – 6 saints: A group of Christians martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian. We know little more than their names – Hieronides, Leontius, Sarapion, Seleusius, Straton and Valerian. They were drowned c 300 at Alexandria, Egypt.

Martyrs of Phrygia – 3 saints: Three Christians who were martyred for destroying pagan idols. We know little more than their names – Macedonius, Tatian and Theodolus. They were burned to death in 362 in Phrygia (modern Turkey).

Martyred in the Spanish Civil War:
• Blessed Fortunato Arias Sánchez
• Blessed Francisco Maqueda López
• Blessed Jaume Puigferrer Mora
• Blessed Josep Plana Rebugent
• Blessed Julián Delgado Díez