Posted in MARIAN TITLES, SAINT of the DAY

Nuestra Señora de Europa / Our Lady of Europe, Gibraltar (1492) and Memorials of the Saints – 5 May

Wednesday of the Fifth Week of Easter +2021

Nuestra Señora de Europa / Our Lady of Europe, Gibraltar (1492) – 5 May:

Together with Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, Our Lady is the Catholic patron Saint of Gibraltar and as such, protector of the whole of Europe.

In thanksgiving for the reconquest of Spain by Christian forces in 1492, the Catholics of Gibraltar converted a mosque into the Shrine of Nuestra Señora de Europa. Beneath a lighthouse tower, Our Lady presided over the Straits, its mariners and the continent of Europe for over two centuries. But in 1704, the British captured Gibraltar and pillaged the Shrine. They mutilated the wooden statue of the Virgin and Child and threw it over the cliff. A fisherman found the floating pieces and took them to Father Juan Romero de Figueroa at the Church on Main Street (now the Catholic Cathedral of St Mary the Crowned), who carried them to Spain for safekeeping, while the Church of Our Lady of Europe served as a British guardroom.

There across the bay in Algeciras, the Capillita de Europa housing the repaired Statue became a focus of devotion. A replica was placed in Gibraltar’s Cathedral.

In 1864, the Bishop attended the First Vatican Council, where he interested Blessed Pope Pius IX in building a new Shrine to Our Lady of Europe. Two years later,, the new Church was completed. The Vicar Apostolic John Baptist Scandella arranged for the original Statue to be returned to Gibraltar from Algeciras, where a replica replaced it.

This is the replica Statue

But military occupation during two World Wars left the Shrine in such disrepair, that in 1960 it was torn down for construction of the Old People’s Home. In 1961, the Government of Gibraltar returned the original Chapel, the former mosque, to the Catholic Church. In 1962, it was renovated and reopened as the Shrine of Our Lady of Europe, where the Statue was reinstalled on 17 October 1961. In 1979 Pope John Paul II proclaimed the Most Blessed Virgin Mary, Principal Patroness of the Diocese of Gibraltar under this title.

The feast of Our Lady of Europe was celebrated on 30 May until 1980, when the Vatican authorised its transfer to 5 May, then celebrated as Europe Day in honour of the Council of Europe’s founding on 5 May 1949.

Plague on the Shrine of Our Lady of Europe

Conversion of Saint Augustine of Hippo (354-430)

ALSO HERE:
https://anastpaul.com/2020/08/28/the-memorial-of-saint-augustine-servant-of-god-28-august/

St Pope Pius V OP (1504-1573) (optional memorial) changed in 1969 this feast which had been celebrated on this day of his birth into Heaven since 1713.
Bishop of Rome, Ruler of the Papal States, Pope of the Council of Trent, the Counter-Reformation, the Battle of Lepanto, the Holy Rosary and the Pope who declared St Thomas Aquinas as a Doctor of the Church
(Optional Memorial)
The Roman Martyrology states of St Pius V today: “At Rome, Pope St Pius V, of the Order of Preachers, who laboured zealously and successfully for the re-establishment of Ecclesiastical discipline, the extirpation of heresies, the destruction of the enemies of the Christian name and, governed the Catholic Church by holy laws and the example of a saintly lfe.”
His Life:
https://anastpaul.com/2019/04/30/saint-of-the-day-saint-pope-pius-v-1504-1572/
Lepanto by G K Chesterton:
https://anastpaul.com/2019/04/30/lepanto-30-april/

St Angelus of Jerusalem O.Carm (1185-1220) Priest, Martyr, Hermit, Mystic, Reformer, Thaumaturge, Missionary, convert from Judaism and a professed Priest of the Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel – The 800th Anniversary of his death – 5 MAY 2020..
His Life and Death:

https://anastpaul.com/2020/05/05/saint-of-the-day-5-may-the-800th-anniversary-of-the-martyrdom-of-saint-angelus-of-jerusalem-o-carm-1185-1220-priest-martyr/

St Avertinus of Tours
Bl Benvenuto Mareni
St Britto of Trier

Blessed Caterina Cittadini (1801-1857) Italian Sister from Bergamo who established the Ursuline Sisters of Saint Jerome Emiliani.
Biography:

https://anastpaul.com/2018/05/05/saint-of-the-day-5-may-blessed-caterina-cittadini-1801-1857/

St Crescentiana
St Echa of Crayke
St Eulogius of Edessa
St Euthymius of Alexandria
St Geruntius of Milan
St Godehard of Hildesheim
Bl Grzegorz Boleslaw Frackowiak
St Hilary of Arles
St Hydroc
St Irenaeus of Thessalonica
St Irenes of Thessalonica
Bl John Haile
St Jovinian of Auxerre
St Jutta Kulmsee
St Leo of Africo
St Maurontius of Douai
St Maximus of Jerusalem
St Nectarius of Vienne
St Nicetas of Vienne

St Nunzio/Nuntius Sulprizio (1917-1836) Aged 19
St Nunzio’s very short life:

https://anastpaul.com/2019/05/05/saint-of-the-day-5-may-saint-nunzio-sulprizio-1917-1836/

St Peregrinus of Thessalonica
St Sacerdos of Limoges
St Sacerdos of Saguntum
St Silvanus of Rome
St Theodore of Bologna
St Waldrada of Metz

Posted in CARMELITES, SAINT of the DAY, YouTube VIDEOS

Memorials of the Saints – 5 May

St Angelus of Jerusalem O.Carm (1185-1220) Priest, Martyr +2020 – The 800th Anniversary of his death

St Avertinus of Tours
Bl Benvenuto Mareni
St Britto of Trier
Blessed Caterina Cittadini (1801-1857)
Biography: https://anastpaul.com/2018/05/05/saint-of-the-day-5-may-blessed-caterina-cittadini-1801-1857/
St Crescentiana
St Echa of Crayke
St Eulogius of Edessa
St Euthymius of Alexandria
St Geruntius of Milan
St Godehard of Hildesheim
Bl Grzegorz Boleslaw Frackowiak
St Hilary of Arles
St Hydroc
St Irenaeus of Thessalonica
St Irenes of Thessalonica
Bl John Haile
St Jovinian of Auxerre
St Jutta Kulmsee
St Leo of Africo
St Maurontius of Douai
St Maximus of Jerusalem
St Nectarius of Vienne
St Nicetas of Vienne
St Nunzio/Nuntius Sulprizio (1917-1836) Aged 19
St Nunzio’s very short life:
https://anastpaul.com/2019/05/05/saint-of-the-day-5-may-saint-nunzio-sulprizio-1917-1836/

St Peregrinus of Thessalonica
St Sacerdos of Limoges
St Sacerdos of Saguntum
St Silvanus of Rome
St Theodore of Bologna
St Waldrada of Metz

Posted in EASTER, SAINT of the DAY

Third Sunday of Easter, Year C *2019 and Memorials of the Saints – 5 May

Third Sunday of Easter, Year C *2019

St Angelus of Jerusalem
St Avertinus of Tours
Bl Benvenuto Mareni
St Britto of Trier
Bl Caterina Cittadini (1801-1857)
Biography:   https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/05/05/saint-of-the-day-5-may-blessed-caterina-cittadini-1801-1857/
St Crescentiana
St Echa of Crayke
St Eulogius of Edessa
St Euthymius of Alexandria
St Geruntius of Milan
St Godehard of Hildesheim
Bl Grzegorz Boleslaw Frackowiak
St Hilary of Arles
St Hydroc
St Irenaeus of Thessalonica
St Irenes of Thessalonica
Bl John Haile
St Jovinian of Auxerre
St Jutta Kulmsee
St Leo of Africo
St Maurontius of Douai
St Maximus of Jerusalem
St Nectarius of Vienne
St Nicetas of Vienne
St Nunzio/Nuntius Sulprizio (1917-1836) Aged 19

St Peregrinus of Thessalonica
St Sacerdos of Limoges
St Sacerdos of Saguntum
St Silvanus of Rome
St Theodore of Bologna
St Waldrada of Metz

Posted in SAINT of the DAY, VATICAN Resources

Saint of the Day – 5 May – Blessed Caterina Cittadini (1801-1857)

Saint of the Day – 5 May – Blessed Caterina Cittadini (1801-1857) Religious, Teacher, Founder  – (28 September 1801 – 5 May 1857) was an Italian Roman Catholic religious from Bergamo who established the Ursuline Sisters of Saint Jerome Emiliani.   The order was dedicated to the education of girls in Bergamo and in the surrounding areas and has since expanded outside of the Italian nation. Cittadini was orphaned as a child and cultivated her faith among fellow children in an orphanage where the spiritual direction was strong.   Her order came in part of her devotion to Saint Jerome Emiliani (1486-1537) as well as the Blessed Mother.   Patronages – Ursuline Sisters of St Jerome Emiliani, Orphans, Teachers.

bl Caterina Cittadini

Cittadini’s reputation increased as the decades went on due to her fame as a passionate and inspiring educator who instilled in girls both a civic and a religious education that was the basis of her educational career and her beliefs.

Her beatification was celebrated on 29 April 2001 once Pope John Paul II recognised a miracle that was attributed to Cittadini’s direct intercession.

Caterina Cittadini was born in Bergamo on 28 September 1801 to Giovanni Battista Cittadini and Margherita Lanzani.   Her sister was Giuditta (1803-1840).    She was baptised on 30 September in the parish of San Alessandro in Colonna.   Her mother died in 1808 and her father abandoned the sisters after being widowed.   The sisters were taken in and grew up in the orphanage of Bergamo where both sisters developed a strong and ardent faith;  in her case it meant a strong devotion to both the Blessed Mother and to Saint Jerome Emiliani.   The sisters left the orphanage in 1823 in order to live with their paternal cousins Giovanni and Antonio Cittadini in Calolzio.

Cittadini became a teacher at a public girls school in Somasca in 1824 at the time she and Giuditta felt called to the religious life.   Their spiritual director Giuseppe Brena – from their time at the orphanage – advised them to remain in Somasca to instead become the basis of a new religious congregation devoted to the education of girls both children and adolescents.   To that end the pair bought a house in Somasca in 1826 and also bought and furnished a building that became a female boarding school in October 1826. Cittadini taught the students religious education and managed the school on a simultaneous level;  at this stage word of her success spread and she attracted dozens of students from the surrounding areas.   The Cittadini sisters opened two private schools in 1832 and in 1836.

 

Giuditta directed these schools until her sudden death in 1840 which had put an emotional strain upon her older sister.   This was exacerbated with the death of her cousin Antonio in 1841 and her spiritual director not long after that.   The rapid losses that she incurred ruined her health to the point where she neared death in 1842 but was cured through the intercession of Saint Jerome Emiliani (1486-1537)

She quit public teaching in 1845 in order to just manage the schools themselves and she also took three companions under her wing to assist her in both that task and also in the care of orphans.   In 1850 she received the papal approval of Pope Pius IX to build a chapel to house the Eucharist at her boarding school and in 1851 applied for the approval of a new religious congregation to the Bishop of Bergamo, Carlo Gritti Morlacchi.   In 1854 the new Bishop Pietro Luigi Speranza encouraged her work and instructed her to write the Rule of her new order – her first attempt was based on those of the Milanese Ursulines and was rejected.   She persisted in writing the Rule once more which was accepted on 17 September 1854 bearing the name of her new congregation, The Ursuline Sisters of Saint Jerome Emiliani. 

Cittadini died in 1857 after a period of ill health;  her reputation for holiness and for her ardent faith spread across the northern Italian cities and led to calls for her cause of beatification to be introduced.   Six months after her death – on 14 December 1857 – the Bishop of Bergamo gave his approval for the order to be recognised of diocesan right while on 8 July 1927 the congregation received the official papal approval of Pope Pius XI;  this meant the congregation was now universal and was recognised of pontifical right to exercise its functions.

The order now operates in Asia in nations such as India and the Philippines and in Europe in both Belgium and Switzerland amongst others.