Posted in DOCTORS of the Church, FRANCISCAN OFM, SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 21 July – St Lawrence of Brindisi O.F.M. Cap – Doctor of the Church

Saint of the Day – 21 July – St Lawrence of Brindisi O.F.M. Cap – Doctor of the Church – (22  July 1559 at Brindisi, Italy as Julius Caesar Rossi –  22 July 1619 at Lisbon, Portugal of natural causes).   His remains are buried in the cemetery of the Poor Clares in Villafranca, Spain.   He was Beatified on 1 June 1783 by Pope Pius VI and Canonised on 8 December 1881 by Pope Leo XIII.   He was created a Doctor of the Church by Blessed Pope John XXIII in 1959 with the title Doctor apostolicus (Apostolic Doctor).   Patronages – of Brindisi, Italy.   Attributes – leading the Christian army against the Turks, receiving the embrace of the Child Jesus.   He is known as the “Franciscan Renaissance Man”  – he was a Religious member of the Franciscan Friars Minor Capuchin, a Priest, Theologian, Vicar General of the Franciscans, Language scholar, Humanist, Philosopher, Biblicist, Preacher, Missionary, Professor, International Administrator, Confidant of Popes, Emperors, Kings and Princes, Diplomatic envoy, Army Chaplain, Military Strategist and Morale builder, Polemicist, Prolific writer.

st lawrence FIRST IMAGE

Despite Saint Lawrence of Brindisi’s later fame, little is known of his early years.   His father was William Russo, a well-to-do Venetian merchant and his mother was Elizabeth Masella.   He was born in the Southern Italian port city of Brindisi on the 22nd of July 1559.   He received his early education at a day school run by the Conventual Franciscans and made rapid progress in his studies.   At the tender age of six, following the Italian custom of the time, he publicly preached a short Christmastide sermon on the Child Jesus.  However, by the time he was 14 he had lost both his parents and his education was entrusted to his uncle, a high-ranking cleric at Venice’s Saint Mark’s Cathedral.   It was at Saint Mark’s College, a private school run by his uncle, that Julius Caesar received an excellent secondary education.

In Venice he came to know the Capuchin Friars Minor who had a small church dedicated to saint Mary of the Angels on the island of Giudeca.   Impressed by their austere life of Poverty, he asked for admission to the Order and was invested with the habit as a novice at the Verona Capuchin novitiate friary of on the 18th of February 1575.  At this time, Julius Caesar was given the religious name Brother Lawrence.     He made his perpetual profession on the 24th of March the following year.

His writings fill fifteen volumes and his knowledge of Hebrew allowed him to preach so effectively to the Jewish people in Italy that the rabbis were certain that Lawrence must have been a Jew who had become a Christian.   His skills in dealing with people meant that he served as a papal emissary to many countries but he never forgot that he was first and foremost a priest.

There is a very special title accorded by the Church to certain saints, who are named “Doctor of the Church” and this title indicates that the writings and preaching of such a person are useful to Christians “in any age of the Church.”   Such men and women are also particularly known for the depth of understanding and the orthodoxy of their theological teachings.   St. Lawrence of Brindisi was given this title and he is one of the thirty-six saints to be named “Doctor.”

doctors

While still a deacon, St. Lawrence of Brindisi became known as an excellent preacher and after his ordination captured the whole of northern Italy with his amazing sermons. He was sent into Germany by the pope to establish Capuchin houses.   While there, he became chaplain to Emperor Rudolf II and had a remarkable influence on the Christian soldiers fighting the Muslims who were threatening Hungary in 1601.   Through his efforts, the Catholic League was formed to unify Catholics for the purpose of strengthening the Catholic cause in Europe.   Sent by the emperor to persuade Philip III of Spain to join the League, he established a Capuchin friary in Madrid.   He also brought peace between Spain and the kingdom of Savoy.

His compassion for the poor, the needy and the sick was legendary.   Elected minister-general of his order in 1602, he made the Capuchins a major force in the Catholic Restoration, visiting every friary in the thirty-four provinces of the order and directing the work of nine thousand friars.   He himself was a dominant figure in carrying out the work of the Council of Trent and was described by Pope Benedict XV as having earned “a truly distinguished place among the most outstanding men ever raised up by Divine Providence to assist the Church in time of distress.”

Yet in the midst of all this feverish activity, Brother Lawrence found peace and strength to keep going by taking refuge in prayer.   Sometimes his Masses which were usually celebrated in private could last for up to twelve hours.   He wept copious tears as he celebrated the Holy Sacrifice and was even witnessed being lifted into the air as he prayed at the Altar.   When he entered the Order in 1575, he told the Provincial Minister who tried to dissuade him by describing in detail the rigours of the Capuchin lifestyle: “Nothing will be difficult for me as long as there is a Crucifix in my room.”   Pictures of Saint Lawrence often show him contemplating the Crucifix.

ST LAWRENCE OF BRINDISI - 2.JULY 21

To Mary he attributed his vocation, his restoration to health as a student, his knowledge of Hebrew and all his successes.   He went to her in all his needs.   When elected Vicar General of the Order, he first went to the Shrine of Our Lady’s Holy House at Loreto and returned there at the end of his term of office.   From his formation days onward, he prayed the Rosary and the Little Office of the Blessed Virgin daily.   His favourite greeting for the Brothers was: “Nos, cum prole pia, benedicat Virgo Maria! May the Virgin Mary bless us with her loving Child!”

 

In 1619, at the request of the Pope, Brother Lawrence had to travel once more to Spain to make known to the Spanish King the plight of Naples’s citizens under the tyrannical rule of the Spanish Viceroy of the region, the Duke of Ossuna.   He managed to escape the Duke’s attempts to block his mission and set sail secretly from Genoa.   He had to go to Lisbon in Portugal to meet the King of Spain.   His diplomatic mission was successfully concluded but worn out by the journey he fell critically ill.   Having received the Last Sacraments, Brother Lawrence of Brindisi died in Lisbon, Portugal before he could board a ship to return home on the 22nd of July 1619.   Saint Lawrence entered heaven the same date as he entered this world sixty years previously.

law_17_s

O God, who didst bestow on blessed Lawrence of Brindisi, Your Confessor and Doctor, the spirit of wisdom and fortitude to endure every labour for the glory of Your Name and the salvation of souls:  grant us, in the same spirit, both to perceive what we ought to do, and by his intercession to perform the same;  through Jesus Christ thy Son our Lord, who lives and reigns with You, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, ever one God, world without end, amen.

St Lawrence pray for us!

Lawrence_of_Brindisi

Posted in FRANCISCAN OFM, QUOTES of the SAINTS, SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 13 June – St Anthony of Padua O.F.M! Evangelical Doctor – Hammer of Heretics – Professor of Miracles – Wonder-Worker – Ark of the Testament – Repository of Holy Scripture

Saint of the Day – 13 June – St Anthony of Padua OFM (1195-1231) Evangelical Doctor – Hammer of Heretics – Professor of Miracles – Wonder-Worker  – Ark of the Testament – Repository of Holy Scripture  (1195 at Lisbon, Portugal – 13 June 1231 of natural causes)   Religious Priest and Friar of the Franciscan Order, Evangelist, Preacher, Teacher, Apostle of Charity, Apostle of the Holy Eucharist, Scriptural expert, Miracle Worker, Teacher, Confessor, Defender of the Faith.  He was buried on the Tuesday following his death in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, Padua, Italy and legend says that all the sick who visited his new grave were healed.   Also known as St Anthony of Lisbon.   Patron of – against barrenness or sterility, against shipwreck, against starvation; starving people, American Indians, amputees, animals, both wild and domestic, asses, boatmen, mariners, sailors, watermen, elderly people, expectant mothers, pregnant women, for faith in the Blessed Sacrament, fishermen, for harvests, horses, lost articles, seekers of lost articles, mail, oppressed people, paupers, poor people, swineherds, travel hostesses, travellers, Brazil, Portugal, Tigua Indians, 4 dioceses, 17 cities.

St Anthony of Padua/Lisbon, was a Portuguese Catholic priest and friar of the Franciscan Order.   He was born and raised by a wealthy family in Lisbon, Portugal and died in Padua, Italy.   Noted by his contemporaries for his forceful preaching, expert knowledge of scripture and undying love and devotion to the poor and the sick, he was one of the most-quickly canonised saints in church history.   He was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church on 16 January 1946.

 

St. Anthony’s Youth & Conversion

St Anthony was born in the year 1195at Lisbon (Portugal) where his father was a captain in the royal army.   Already at the age of fifteen years, he had entered the Congregation of Canons Regular of St Augustine and devoted himself with great earnestness both to study and to the practice of piety in the Monastery at Coimbra (Portugal).

Toledo gerard st anthony padua

About that time some of the first members of the Order of Friars Minor, which St. Francis has founded in 1206 came to Coimbra.   They begged from the Canons Regular a small and very poor place, from which by their evangelical poverty and simplicity they edified everyone in the region.   Then in 1219 some of these friars, moved by divine inspiration, went as missionaries to preach the Gospel of Christ to the inhabitants of Morocco.   There they were brutally martyred for the Faith.   Some Christian merchants succeeded in recovering their remains and so brought their relics in triumph back to Coimbra.   The relics of St Bernard and companions, the first martyrs of the Franciscan Order, seized St. Anthony with an intense desire to suffer martyrdom in a like manner.   So moved by their heroic example he repeatedly begged and petitioned his superiors to be given leave to join the Franciscan Order.   In the quiet little Franciscan convent at Coimbra he received a friendly reception and in the same year his earnest wish to be sent to the missions in Africa was fulfilled.

St Anthony’s Arrival in Italy

But God had decreed otherwise.   And so, St Anthony scarcely set foot on African soil when he was seized with a grievous illness.   Even after recovering from it, he was so weak that, resigning himself to the will of God, he boarded a boat back to Portugal. Unexpectedly a storm came upon them and drove the ship to the east where it found refuge on coast of Sicily.   St Anthony was greeted and given shelter by the Franciscans of that island and thus came to be sent to Assisi, where the general chapter of the Order was held in May, 1221.   Since he still looked weak and sickly,and gave no evidence of his scholarship, no one paid any attention to the stranger until Father Gratian, the Provincial of friars living in the region of Romagna (Italy), had compassion on him and sent him to the quiet little convent near Forli (also in Italy).   There St Anthony remained nine months as chaplain to the hermits, occupied in the lowliest duties of the kitchen and convent and to his heart’s content he practiced interior as well as exterior mortification.

VENETIAN SCHOOL- ST ANTHONY

St Anthony, Preacher and Teacher

But the hidden jewel was soon to appear in all its brilliance.   For the occasion of a ceremony of ordination some of the hermits along with St Anthony were sent to the town of Forli.   Before the ceremony was to begin, however, it was announced that the priest who was to give the sermon had fallen sick.   The local superior, to avert the embarrassment of the moment, quickly asked the friars in attendance to volunteer.   Each excused himself, saying that he was not prepared, until finally, St Anthony was asked to give it.   When he too, excused himself in a most humble manner, his superior ordered him by virtue of the vow of obedience to give the sermon.   St Anthony began to speak in a very reserved manner;  but soon holy animation seized him and he spoke with such eloquence, learning and unction that everybody was fairly amazed.

When St Francis was informed of the event, he gave St Anthony the mission to preach throughout Italy.   At the request of the brethren, St. Anthony was later commissioned also to teach theology, “but in such a manner,” St Francis distinctly wrote, ” that the spirit of prayer be not extinguished either in yourself or in the other brethren.” St Anthony himself placed greater value in the salvation of souls than on learning.   For that reason he never ceased to exercise his office as preacher despite his work of teaching.

The number of those who came to hear him was sometimes so great that no church was large enough to accommodate and so he had to preach in the open air.   Frequently St. Anthony wrought veritable miracles of conversion.  Deadly enemies were reconciled. Thieves and usurers made restitution.   Calumniators and detractors recanted and apologised.   He was so energetic in defending the truths of the Catholic Faith that many heretics returned to the Church.   This occasioned the epitaph given him by Pope Gregory IX “the ark of the covenant.”

In all his labours he never forgot the admonition of his spiritual father, St Francis, that the spirit of prayer must not be extinguished.   If he spent the day in teaching and heard the confession of sinners till late in the evening, then many hours of the night were spent in intimate union with God.

Once a man, at whose home St Anthony was spending the night, came upon the saint and found him holding in his arms the Child Jesus, unspeakably beautiful and surrounded with heavenly light.   For this reason St. Anthony is often depicted holding the Child Jesus.

 

St Anthony’s Death

In 1227 St Anthony was elected Minister Provincial of the friars living in northern Italy.   Thus he resumed the work of preaching.   Due to his taxing labours and his austere penance, he soon felt his strength so spent that he prepared himself for death. After receiving the last sacraments he kept looking upward with a smile on his countenance.  When he was asked what he saw there, he answered: “I see my Lord.”   He breathed forth his soul on June 13, 1231 A. D., being only thirty six year old.   Soon the children in the streets of the city of Padua were crying:  “The saint is dead, Anthony is dead.”   Anthony is buried in a chapel within the large basilica built to honour him, where his tongue is displayed for veneration in a large reliquary.   For, when his body was exhumed thirty years after his death, it was claimed that the tongue glistened and looked as if it was still alive and moist; apparently a further claim was made that this was a sign of his gift of preaching.

padua16-1b

Pope Gregory IX enrolled him among the saints in the very next year.   At Padua, a magnificent basilica was built in his honour, his holy relics were entombed there in 1263.    From the time of his death up to the present day, countless miracles have occurred through St. Anthony’s intercession, so that he is known as the Wonder-Worker.   In 1946 St Anthony was declared a Doctor of the Church.

church-s-antonio-476776_1280
Basilica of St Anthony in Padua

Why do we ask St Anthony to help us find lost things?

St. Anthony had a book of psalms that was quite special to him.   It was special because in those days before the printing press, books were rare and expensive.   But it was also special because it contained many notes Anthony had made to help him in his preaching and teaching.

Late one night, a young Franciscan decided to leave the community.   He’d had enough of that life, so he made plans to just sneak out in the middle of the night.   He saw Anthony’s book of psalms on his way out and he snatched it up and ran.   He knew that he could sell this precious book for a good deal of money.

Of course, Anthony was quite upset.   He prayed that God would change the young man’s heart and bring him back to the Franciscan life.   He also hoped that while God was at it, he would return Anthony’s book too.   The next day, the young man returned, tired and ashamed, with Anthony’s book.   He also brought back his own gifts and talents, which he decided once more to offer to the Franciscan community.

So that’s why we like to ask St Anthony to help us find lost things. He was an extraordinary man who can still help us from heaven, even in the most ordinary ways.

456px-Marcantonio_Bassetti_-_St_Antony_Reading_-_WGA01483451px-Guercino_Antonio_Bambinozurbaran_finalw450Vicente_Carducho_-_The_Vision_of_St_Anthony_of_Padua_-_WGA4211