Posted in FATHERS of the Church, SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 3 July – St Anatolius of Alexandria (Died 283) Bishop

Saint of the Day – 3 July – St Anatolius of Alexandria (Died 283) Bishop, Scholar, Scientiest, Philosoper, Conputist, Mathematiian, Writer – also known as Anatolius of Laodicea.   Born in Alexandria, Egypt and died in 283 at Laodicea, Syria of natural causes.   He was not only one of the foremost scholars of his day in the physical sciences, as well as in Aristotelean philosophy but also a great computist.st anatolius of laodicea

Note:  ComputistThe computus (Latin for ‘computation’) is a calculation that determines the calendar date of Easter.   Easter is traditionally celebrated on the first Sunday after the Paschal full moon, which is the first full moon on or after 21 March (an approximation of the March equinox).   Determining this date in advance requires a correlation between the lunar months and the solar year, while also accounting for the month, date and weekday of the calendar.

Anatolius was born and raised in Alexandria, Egypt, during the early 3rd century.   Prior to becoming one of the great lights of the Church, Anatolius enjoyed considerable prestige at Alexandria.   According to Eusebius of Caesarea, he was credited with a rich knowledge of arithmetic, geometry, physics, rhetoric, dialectic and astronomy.   Also according to Eusebius, Anatolius was deemed worthy to maintain the school of the Aristotelian succession in Alexandria.   The pagan philosopher Iamblichus studied among his disciples for a short time.

There are fragments of ten books on Arithmetic written by him.   There is also a treatise onthe time of the Paschal celebration.   His famous 19-year Paschal cycle has survived in seven different complete medieval manuscripts of the Latin text De ratione paschali.   Saint Jerome praised his scholarship and writing, however, he was known not just as a scholar but as a humble and deeply religious man.   Ignorance horrified him and part of his work with the poor was to educate them. St Anatolius also held a number of government posts in Alexandria.

A story is told by St Eusebius of the way in which Anatolius broke up a rebellion against the Roman authorities in 263 in a part of Alexandria known then as Bruchium.   It was held by the forces of Zenobia and being violently beleaguered by the Romans was in a state of starvation. Anatolius, who was living in Bruchium at the time, met with the Romans and negotiated the release of non-combatant children, women, the sick and the elderly, saving many and earning him a reputation as a peacemaker.   The rebels, freed of caring for the non-combatants, were able to fight even longer.   However, when they lost, Anatolius found himself with enemies on both sides of the conflict and he decided to leave Alexandria.

Anatolius emigrated to Caesaria, Palestine.   His reputation as a scholar and Christian had preceeded him and he became assistant and advisor to the Bishop.   In 268, while en route to the Council of Antioch, he passed through Laodicea, Syria.   Their Bishop, Saint Eusebius of Laodicea, had just died, they saw Anatolius’ arrival as a gift from God and insisted that he assume the Bishopric.   He accepted and spent his remaining fifteen years there.

He died in 283 of natural causes.Saint-Anatolius-of-Alexandria

Posted in FEASTS and SOLEMNITIES, SAINT of the DAY, The APOSTLES & EVANGELISTS, YouTube VIDEOS

Feast of St Thomas, Apostle and Memorials of the Saints – 3 July

St Thomas the Apostle (Feast)

St Thomas:
https://anastpaul.com/2018/07/03/saint-of-the-day-feast-of-st-thomas-apostle-of-christ/
AND:
https://anastpaul.com/2019/07/03/feast-of-st-thomas-apostle-of-christ-martyr-3-july/
AND:
https://anastpaul.com/2017/07/03/saint-of-the-day-3-july-st-thomas-the-apostle-of-christ/

St Anatolius of Alexandria (Died 283) Bishop

St Anatolius of Constantinople
Bl Andreas Ebersbach
Bl Barbara Jeong Sun-mae
St Bladus
St Byblig
St Cillene
St Dathus of Ravenna
St Eusebius of Laodicea
St Firminus
St Firmus
Bl Gelduin
St Germanus of Man
St Giuse Nguyen Ðình Uyen
St Gunthiern
St Guthagon
St Heliodorus of Altinum
St Hyacinth of Caesarea
St Ioannes Baptista Zhao Mingxi
St Irenaeus of Chiusi
St Pope Leo II (611–683)
Biography:
https://anastpaul.com/2019/07/03/saint-of-the-day-3-july-st-pope-leo-ii-611-683/
St Maelmuire O’Gorman
St Mark of Mesia
St Mennone the Centurian
St Mucian of Mesia
St Paul of Mesia
St Petrus Zhao Mingzhen
St Philiphê Phan Van Minh
St Raymond of Toulouse

Martyrs of Alexandria – 13 saints: Thirteen Christian companions marytred together. No details about them have survived but the names – Apricus, Cyrion (2 of), Eulogius, Hemerion, Julian, Julius, Justus, Menelaus, Orestes, Porfyrios and Tryphon (2 of). They martyred in Alexandria, Egypt, date unknown.

Martyrs of Constantinople – 24 saints: A group of 24 Christians martyred in the persecutions of Arian emperor Valens. We know little more than their names – Acacios, Amedinos, Ammonius, Ammus, Cerealis, Cionia, Cionius, Cyrianus, Demetrius, Eulogius (2), Euphemia, Heliodoros, Heraclios, Horestes, Jocundus, Julian, Martyrios, Menelaeus, Sestratus, Strategos, Thomas, Timotheos and Tryphon. They were martyred in c367 in Constantintinople.

Theodotus and Companions – 6 saints: Six Christians who were imprisoned, tortured and martyred together in the persecutions of Trajan. Saint Hyacinth ministered to them in prison. We know nothing else about them but their names – Asclepiodotus, Diomedes, Eulampius, Golinduchus, Theodota and Theodotus. They were beheaded in c110, location unknown.