Saint of the Day – 7 August – Saint Donatus of Arezzo (Died 362) Bishop and Martyr

Saint of the Day – 7 August – Saint Donatus of Arezzo (Died 362) Bishop and Martyr, Confessor, Miracle-worker – born in Nicomedia (part of modern Turkey) and died on 7 August in 362.   Patronages – Arezzo, Italy, Diocese of Arezzo, Italy, Diocese of Arezzo-Cortona-Sansepolcro, Italy, Cavriglia, Italy, epileptic, bakers, Contursi Terme, Acerno, Anzi, Castel di Ieri, Castel del Monte, Fossacesia, Guardiagrele, Pinerolo, Ranzo, San Donato di Lecce, Montesano Salentino, San Donato di Ninea, San Donato Milanese, San Donato Val di Comino, Soveria Simeri, Val della Torre, Villa Martelli, Monteforte Cilento (Salerno) all in Italy.4_yuag_leonardo_exhibit_a_miracle_of_saint_donatus_detail_da_vinci_0

A Passio of Donatus’ life was written by a Bishop of Arezzo, Severinus. He calls Donatus a Martyr, although Donatus is described as a Bishop and Confessor of the faith in ancient sources and not as a Martyr.    An early hagiography of Donatus was already known to Gregory the Great.

According to Severinus’ account, as a child Donatus came to Rome with his family from Nicomedia.   According to  Severinus’ account, Donatus was educated by a Priest named Pymenius.    His friend and companion in these religious studies, was a boy named Julian –who would later become Emperor Julian the Apostate.   Julian rose to the position of sub-deacon;   Donatus became a lector.   Saint Peter Damian would later write in his Sermones that “in the field of the Lord two sprigs, Donatus and Julian, grow together but one will become a cedar of Paradise, the other coal for the eternal flames of Hell.”img-Saint-Donatus-of-Arezzo1

On 4 February 362, Julian promulgated an edict to guarantee freedom of religion.   This edict proclaimed that all the religions were equal before the law and that the Roman Empire had to return to its original religious eclecticism, according to which the Roman State did not impose any religion on its provinces.   Christian chroniclers considered that it had as it’s purpose, the restoration of paganism at the expense of Christianity.

Catholic tradition states that Julian also persecuted individual Christians and that Donatus’ parents, as well as his teacher Pymenius, would die during these persecutions.   Donatus escaped to Arezzo and would work with a Monk named Hilarian, to preach the Christian faith, as well as perform penances and miracles.    Severinus’ Passio states that Donatus brought back to life a woman named Euphrosina;  fought and slew a dragon who had poisoned the local well;  gave sight back to a blind woman named Syriana and, exorcised a demon that had been tormenting Asterius, the son of the Roman prefect of Arezzo.576px-St_Donatus_of_Arezzo

Donatus was Ordained a Deacon and then Priest by Saint Satyrus of Arezzo, Bishop of that city and continued to preach in the city and in the surrounding region.    At the death of Satyrus, Donatus was appointed Bishop by Pope Julius I.   A man named Anthimus was Donatus’ deacon.

During a celebration of Mass, at the moment of the giving of Communion, in which a glass chalice was being administered, some pagans entered the church and shattered the chalice in question. Donatus, after intense prayer, collected all of the fragments and joined them together.   There was a piece missing from the bottom of the cup, miraculously, however, nothing spilled from the cup.   Astounded, seventy-nine pagans converted to Christianity.

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St Donatus and the Miracle of the Chalice by Jose de Ribera

A month after this episode, the prefect of Arezzo, Quadratian, arrested Hilarian the Monk and Donatus.    Hilarian was Martyred on 16 July 362 and Donatus was beheaded on 7 August at donato footer

In 1125, some of Donatus’ relics (and those of the alleged dragon said to have been killed by the saint) were brought to the Church of Santa Maria and San Donato on the island of Murano, near Venice.

Church of Santa Maria and San Donato on the island of Murano, near Venice.

A large silver reliquary bust of Donatus from the 13th century is now found in the National Museum at Naples.San-Donato-1-e1505122656201

The Patron Saints of Guardiagrele are Donatus of Arezzo and Saint Emidius.   Annually between 6 and 8 August, there is a festival celebrating these saints in which the effigy of Donatus is paraded around the streets of Guardiagrele.

In the Cathedral dedicated to St Donatus and where some of his relics lie together with a Shrine to him, there is a magnificent “Arch” depicting his life and miracles.

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