Saint of the Day – 6 December – Saint Peter Pascual (c 1227 – 1299) Bishop and Martyr, Theologian – born in 1227 at Valencia, Spain (as Spanish: Pedro Pascual, Valencian: Pere Pasqual) and died by beheading on 6 December 1300 at Granada, Spain.
Peter Paschal was born in Valencia on Spain’s east coast in the year 1227. Peter’s parents were devout Mozarabs (Iberian Christians) who lived under Muslim rule, paying a yearly tax known as a jizyah. The Mozarabs and the Muslim Arabs co-existed and even spoke a similar language known as Mozarabic.
The founder of the Mercedarians (The Royal, Celestial and Military Order of Our Lady of Mercy and the Redemption of the Captives), St Peter Nolasco (1189–1256), was very good friends of Peter’s family and he and his Mercedarian companions would often stay at Peter’s home when they were on a mission to free Christian captives. This exposure to these pious men helped to instil in young Peter a deep sense of piety. Combined with the virtuous, charitable and caring influence of his parents, Peter Paschal grew into a deeply devoted servant of God.
Ironically, the primary influence in Peter’s educational journey was a teacher whom Peter’s parents had ransomed from the Moors years before. The young man travelled with him to Paris and, under his guidance, studied, preached and taught, developing a fine reputation as a learned and pious man.
Peter then returned to Valencia and Peter Nolasco became his spiritual advisor. After another year of preparation, he became a full member of the Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy, the Mercedarians. It was time for him to begin redeeming captive Christians.
Peter Paschal had a brilliant mind and James I, the King of Arragon, appointed him as a teacher of his son, Sanchez. Sanchez was so influenced by Peter that he himself became a Mercedarian Priest and, in 1262, was made the Archbishop of Toledo. Since Prince Sanchez was too young to be consecrated, Peter Paschal was appointed to govern the Diocese and was ordained the Bishop of Granada. Granada was under the control of the Muslims.
As Bishop of Grenada, Peter Paschal preached tirelessly about Christianity. He became known for his intense determination and zeal in redeeming captive Christian slaves who had been imprisoned by the Moors. His preaching was so potent that many Muslims began to embrace the doctrines of Jesus Christ and convert to Christianity.
Besides preaching, Peter not only continually ransomed captive Christians from the Moors, he also comforted those imprisoned and preached the gospel to their captors. His ability to bring the Moors to the Church was the reason he was finally arrested. Orders were given that no-one was allowed to visit or speak to Peter. He was held in prison and constantly treated cruelly and with disdain. But he was given permission to offer the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass every day. And this is where the beautiful miracle, for which St Peter is well-known happened.
One morning, the story goes, while Peter was preparing for Mass, a little boy about the age of five appeared before him. The boy was dressed in the clothes of a slave and told the Bishop he would gladly serve Mass for him if he would let him. Peter asked him who he was and the boy said, “I will tell you who I am when you have finished Mass.” After Mass was finished, Peter asked the boy a few questions and was amazed at the wisdom coming forth from the child. Then he asked the boy, “Tell me, who is Jesus Christ?”
The boy answered: “I am Jesus Christ. It is I Who was crucified for your salvation and for that of the whole world, look at My hands and My feet and My side and you will recognise the wounds I received during My Passion. Because you, have of your own choice, remained prisoner in order to procure freedom for my captive children and because, to obtain their freedom, you spent money sent to procure your own, you have made Me your Prisoner.” Then the little boy disappeared. Peter Paschal was filled with an indescribable joy.
His Muslim captors sensed and actually revered the sanctity of their prisoner. They told him if he would never say anything against Mohammad they would give him his freedom. He said he could never make such a promise. Shortly thereafter, as Bishop Peter Paschal was saying his thanksgiving after Mass, an executioner came up from behind him and cut off his head. The date was 6 January 1300. He was Beatified and Canonised by Pope Clement X on 14 August 1670.
St Peter was one of the first theologians to proclaim that Mary was Immaculately Conceived.