Posted in MARTYRS, SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 28 July – Saint Pope Victor I (Died 199)

Saint of the Day – 28 July – Saint Pope Victor I (Died 199) Pope, Martyr, Confessor – born in Africa, exact location not recorded in the early years of the 2nd Century.   His Papal Ascension was in 189 and died by being Martyred 198-199 (though the date of his death and whether he was martyred is not certain).   He was the first Bishop of Rome born in the Roman Province of Africa—probably in Leptis Magna (or Tripolitania).   Nothing else is known of his younger years.St-Pope-Victor-I-1

Victor’s reign showed many changes in the Church.   Culture had begun to change in the Roman Empire.   No longer was Greek the standard language.   Latin had taken precedence as the official language of the Church, as well.   Victor, unlike many of his predecessors, wrote in Latin.   During the time of peace in the Church, Victor acted more like a ruler than many of the previous Bishops of Rome had been able to.

The mistress of Emperor Commodus was a woman named Marcia.   It is said that she was a secret Christian, or at least, a woman tolerant towards Christianity.   At one time, she called Victor to her, asking for a list of names of the Christians who had been sentenced to work in the mines of Sardinia.   He gave her a list.   This implies that the Christians were a tight group who knew each other well enough to keep tabs on one another.   Marcia had them pardoned and sent the presbyter Hyacinthus, who may have been her advisor, to secure their release.  One man, Callistus, chose to remain behind, possibly to preach to the pagans there.   The Roman Christians sent him a stipend until he left.st Pope_Victor_I

At the time, not only was there peace but Christians could practice their religion and serve in the imperial court, which some did.   This was a time when the Church attracted men and women of position and wealth.

Victor sought to solidify Roman control of the Church throughout the Mediterranean.   He proclaimed that Easter was to be celebrated only on Sunday, a continuing battle, if you have read other entries on the Popes.   Many Middle Eastern Christians had moved to Rome and were celebrating Easter as they did at home, following the Passover dates, rather than having Easter on a specific day.   Victor requested their Bishops to send him a letter indicating how many people followed this custom.   It was the great majority.   Victor was not pleased and he went so far as to demand that the Eastern churches follow his rule.   He set up the first Synod of Rome to deal with this.   But, Eastern churches chose to ignore Victor and continued as they were, despite his threat of excommunication.   St Ireneas, Bishop of Lyons and others wrote to Victor asking him to not be so harsh and demanding that he keep the Middle Eastern Churches within the fold.   There are no letters of response from Victor but he must have relented because the Eastern churches remained.st.victor1

There was a Priest who had known St Polycarp and was probably taught by him.   The man’s name was Florinus.   He began to teach questionable doctrine and eventually Gnostic heresy.  St Ireneas wrote two treatises against Forinus’ preaching then notified Victor of the man’s work.  Pope Victor immediately excommunicated sndf defrocked Florinus.

Another man, Theodotus, came to Rome from Asia and preached that Jesus was just a normal man until he was Baptised and was endowed with the Spirit.   As much as Victor tried to excommunicate him, Theodotus continued his preaching.   He and his followers developed a schismatic group which continued for a while.-Pope-Saint-Victor-I

In addition to these two, the Montanists were still troubling the churches of Asia with their odd prophecies, indicating that marriage was as much a sin as adultery and on and on.  At first, from a distance, Victor thought them to be just zealously pious.   But when some came to speak to him, he realised his mistake and ordered excommunication.

In addition to Victor’s writings about the paschal question, he was known to have written a treatise against gambling.

Considering the attitudes of the government at the time, it is thought that St Pope Victor probably did not die as a Martyr.

Pope-Victor-I-Bone-Relic-300x300
Pope St Victor I – Bone Relic
Posted in MARTYRS, SAINT of the DAY

Memorials of the Saints – 28 July

St Acacius of Miletus
St Alphonsa of the Immaculate Conception/India FCC (1910-1946)
About St Alphonsa:
https://anastpaul.com/2017/07/28/saint-of-the-day-28-july-st-alphonsa-of-the-immaculate-conception/
St Arduinus of Trepino
St Botwid of Sudermannland
St Camelian of Troyes
St Celsus of Rome
Bl Christodoulos
Bl Davíd Carlos-Marañon
St Eustathius of Galatia
St Irene of Cappadocia
Bl John Soreth
St José Caselles-Moncho
Bl José Melchór García-Sampedro Suárez
Bl Josep Castell-Camps
St Longinus of Satala
St Lucidius of Aquara
St Lyutius
Bl Manuel Segura-López
St Nazarius of Rome
St Pedro Poveda Castroverde (1874-1936) Priest and Martyr
His Life and Martyrdom:
https://anastpaul.com/2019/07/28/saint-of-the-day-28-july-saint-pedro-poveda-castroverde-1874-1936-martyr/

St Peregrinus
St Samson of York
Blessed Stanley Francis Rother (1935-1981) Martyr
Biography:
https://anastpaul.com/2018/07/28/saint-of-the-day-28-july-blessed-stanley-francis-rother-1935-1981-martyr/

He is the first US-born Priest and Martyr to be Beatified (on 23 September 2017) and the second person to be Beatified on US soil following the 2014 Beatification of New Jersey-born nun, Blessed Miriam Teresa Demjanovich S.C. (1901-1927).
His First Feast Day today, 28 July 2018

St Pope Victor I (Died 199) Martyr


Martyrs of Laodicea – 8 saints

Martyrs of Thebaid: A large but unspecified number of Christians who were imprisoned, tortured and murdered together in the persecutions of Decius and Valerian. 3rd century Thebes, Egypt.

Martyred in the Spanish Civil War – Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War from 1934 to 1939.
Martyrs of Fernán Caballero – 14 beati: Fourteen Claretian clerics who were martyred together in the Spanish Civil War. – 28 July 1936 in Fernán Caballero, Ciudad Real, Spain. They were Beatified on 13 October 2013 by Pope Francis.

Bl Antolín Astorga Díez
Bl Enrique Serra Chorro
Bl Gregorio Charlez Ribera
Bl Joan Ayats Plantalech
Bl Joan Bover Teixidor
Bl Joan Costa Canal
Bl José Aurelio Calleja de Hierro
Bl José Gutiérrez Arranz
Bl Josep Camí y Camí
Bl Josep Martí Coll
Bl Lluis Casanovas Vila
Bl Lorenzo Arribas Palacio
Bl Manuel Collellmir Sentíes
Bl Miguel Léibar Garay
Bl Narcís Felíu Costa
Bl Pedro Alonso Fernández
Bl Pelagi Ayats Vergés
Bl Pere Vilar Espona
Bl Primitivo Sandín Miñambres
Bl Ramon Gros Ballbé
Bl Vicente Toledano Valenciano