Saint of the Day – 29 April – Saint Severus of Naples (Died 409)

Saint of the Day – 29 April – Saint Severus of Naples (Died 409) Bishop of Naples for 46 years, Confessor, friend of St Ambrose, constructor of four Basilicas and the first Baptistry in the West. Died in 409 of natural causes. Patronages – Naples and St Severus in Foggis, Italy.

The Roman Martyrology reads: “In Naples, St Severus, Bishop, loved by St Ambrose, as a brother and, by his Church ,as a father.”

In the catalogue of the Neapolitan Bishops, Severus is shown in twelfth place. Practically nothing is known of his life prior to his Episcopal appointment.
Severus completed his Episcopate from February 363 to 29 April 409, therefore, a few decades after the freedom of worship decreed by Emperor St Constantine to Christians (313). It was certainly a period in which the two religions, pagan and Christian, were forced to coexist and the regurgitation of paganism was frequent.

His work took place after these pagan returns and the violent attacks of the Arian heretics. The Church of Naples, with its enlightened guide, flourished in the True Faith of Christianity – Severus brought back to the City , the remains of his predecessor, St Maximus (4th century), who had died in exile in the East, during the Arian persecution.
It must be said,that St Maximus was the tenth Bishop of Naples and Severus ,the twelfth, therefore, between the two, there was the Arian usurper Zosimus, who probably returned, during his six years as Bishop, to the True Faith and was, therefore, considered the 11th legitimate Bishop.

Several ancient documents confirm, that he won esteem and affection, not only of Christians,but also of pagans. He was a friend of St Ambrose (340-397) Bishop of Milan, who had the opportunity to meet him during the Plenary Council of Campania, held in 392 in Capua.

The foundations of four Basilicas are attributed to him, one of which, adorned with marble and precious mosaics, was dedicated to the Saviour. Of this ancient Basilica later called St George Major, only the apse remains. The construction of the famous Baptistery of Naples is unanimously also attributed to Severus, about thirty years earlier than that erected at the Lateran by Sixtus III (432-440) and, therefore, is the oldest in the West. The Baptistery is currently leaning against the Basilica of Santa Restituta in the Cathedral of Naples. It is inspired by oriental canons, with mosaics considered to be the most precious among those that have come down to us.

Statues of Saint Severinus and Saint Severus (right), carried during a procession at San Severo.

Outside the City walls, Severus had a cemetery Basilica built a short distance from the Basilica of St Fortunato, where he had the relics of Bishop St Maximus interred. and those of St Januarius. From this Basilica, the relics of both Saints were translated, towards the middle of the 9th Century, to an oratory of the urban Basilica of St Severus. St Severus himself too was buried in this Basilica outside the walls and in 1310 translated to the High Altar of the Cathedral of Naples

The Saint is also the Patron Saint of the City and Diocese of St Severus, in the Province of Foggia.

Fascinating fact:
The City of Naples has more than 50 official Patron Saints, although its principal Patron is the Martyr Bishop Saint Januarius.(Died c 304). His life here:
Co-patrons of Naples and years of designation:
Saint Januarius (305)
Saint Thomas Aquinas (1605)
Saint Andrew Avellino (1622)
Saint Patricia (1625)
Saint Francis of Paola (1625)
Saint Dominic (1641)
Saint James of the Marches (1647)
Saint Anthony of Padua (1650)
Saint Francis Xavier (1654)
Saint Theresa of Avila (1664)
Saint Philip Neri (1668)
Saint Cajetan (1671)
Saint Agnellus of Naples (1671)
Saint Severus of Naples (1673)
Saint Agrippinus of Naples (1673)
Saint Aspren (1673)
Saint Euphebius (1673)
Saint Athanasius of Naples (1673)
Saint Nicholas of Bari (1675)
Saint Gregory the Illuminator (1676)
Saint Claire of Assisi (1689)
Saint Blaise (1690)
Saint Peter of Verona (1690)
Saint Joseph (1690)
Saint Michael (1691)
Saint Francis of Assisi (1691)
Saint Maria Maddalena de’ Pazzi (1692)
Saint John the Baptist (1695)
Saint Francis Borgia (1695)
Saint Candida the Elder (1699)
Saint Mary of Egypt (1699)
Saint Anthony Abbot (1707)
Saint Ignatius Loyola (1751)
Saint Mary Magdalene (1757)
Saint Irene (1760)
Saint Emidius (1760)
Archangel Raphael (1797)
Saint Anne (1805)
Saint Aloysius Gonzaga (1835)
Saint Augustine (1835)
Saint Vincent Ferrer (1838)
Saint Alphonsus Liguori (1840)
Saint Francis Caracciolo (1843)
Saint John Joseph of the Cross (1845)
Saint Pascal Baylon (1845)
Saint Francis Jerome (1845)
Saint Roch (1856)
Saint Joachim (1895)
Saint Mary Frances of the Five Wounds of Jesus (1901)
Saint Lucy (1903)
Saint Gertrude the Great (1927)
Saint Rita of Cascia (1928)


Madonna del Sangue / The Bleeding Madonna in Re, Piedmont, Italy (1494) and Memorials of the Saints – 29 April

Madonna del Sangue / The Bleeding Madonna in Re, Piedmont, Italy (1494) – 29 April:

Without doubt this is one of the most important places of worship in the whole of Piedmont – the Sanctuary of the Madonna del Sangue in Re stands imposing and majestic on the skyline of the Vigezzo Valley. It owes its origin to the blood shed from a fresco of the Madonna del Latte (the Nursing Madonna) originally painted on the façade of the small Church of San Maurizio.

On 29 April 1494, a group of young people met in front of the Church to play a traditional village game, piodella, which consisted of throwing a flat stone against a wooden cylinder on which a coin was placed. One of them, particularly unlucky in the game, became angry and threw his stone at the Church, striking the portrait of Our Lady.
The following morning the fresco of the Madonna began to bleed from her forehead. The blood continued to flow abundantly for about 20 days and many sick and infirm inhabitants of the valley, after strengthening their devotion to the Madonna were healed, thanks to miracles, which were officially recognised by the civil and religious authorities of the time.

In 1606 the construction of a larger Church began, completed in 1628 but the influx of pilgrims from all over Italy and neighbouring Switzerland, required an even larger structure. In 1894, four hundred years after the miracle, it was thus decided to build a new Sanctuary. Work on the Sanctuary began only in 1922 and the Consecration took place on 5 August 1958.

The celebration of the miracle takes place every year from 29 April to 1sMay, with a heart-felt and well-attended pilgrimage on foot.

St Peter Martyr/ of Verona OP (1205–1252) Martyr, Priest and Friar of the Order of Preachers, , a celebrated Preacher, miracle-worker, Marian devotee. He served as Inquisitor in Lombardy, was killed by an assassin and was Canonised 11 months after his death, making his the fastest Canonisation in history.
His Life:

Abbots of Cluny: A feast that recognises the great and saintly early abbots of Cluny Abbey:
• Saint Aymardus of Cluny
• Saint Berno of Cluny
• Saint Hugh of Cluny
• Saint Mayeul
• Saint Odilo of Cluny
• Saint Odo of Cluny
• Saint Peter the Venerable

St Antonius Kim Song-u
St Ava of Denain
St Daniel of Gerona
St Dichu
St Endellion of Tregony
St Fiachan of Lismore

St Hugh of Cluny (1024-1109) St Hugh the Great, Priest, Abbot of Cluny from 1049 until his death., founder-builder of numerous Monasteries, Convents , Hospitals and the biggest Church in Europe prior to the building of St Peter’s, apostle of the poor, the sick, the marginalised by the feudal system, ecclesiastical Reformer, holy father to his Monks and servant to all who needed him,. He was one of the most influential leaders of the monastic orders from the Middle Ages.
St Hugh the Great:

St Gundebert of Gumber

Blessed Mary Magdalene of the Incarnation/Caterina Soderini FSPA (1770-1824) Religious Sister and Founder of the Sisters of Perpetual Adoration, Mystic.
Her Life:

St Paulinus of Brescia

Bl Robert Gruthuysen
St Senan of Wales
St Severus of Naples (Died 409) Bishop
St Theoger
St Torpes of Pisa
St Tychicus
St Wilfrid the Younger

Martyrs of Cirta: A group of clergy and laity Martyred together in Cirta, Numidia (in modern Tunisia) in the persecutions of Valerian. They were – Agapius, Antonia, Emilian, Secundinus and Tertula, along with a woman and her twin children whose names have not come down to us.

Martyrs of Corfu: A gang of thieves who converted while in prison, brought to the faith by Saint Jason and Saint Sosipater who had been imprisoned for evangelising. When the gang announced their new faith, they were Martyred together. They were – Euphrasius, Faustianus, Insischolus, Januarius, Mammius, Marsalius and Saturninus. They were boiled in oil and pitch in the 2nd century on the Island of Corcyra (modern Corfu, Greece.
Also known as:
Martyrs of Corcyra
Seven Holy Thieves
Seven Holy Robbers
Seven Robber Saints