Posted in MARIAN TITLES, SAINT of the DAY

Our Lady of the Underground, Chartres, France (911) and Memorials of the Saints – 15 March

Our Lady of the Underground, Chartres, France (911) – 15 March:

The Abbot Orsini wrote: “In the year 911, the City of Chartres was miraculously delivered from the siege laid to it by Rollo or Raoul, Duke of the Normans; for as he was on the point of taking the City, Gaucelin, the forty-seventh Bishop of Chartres, mounted on the top of the ramparts, holding a relic of Our Lady as an ensign, which struck such terror in the camp, that all retreated in disorder; in memory of this fact, the meadows of the gate of Drouaise, are called, to this day, the meadows of the fugitives (des Recules).”

The Statue is kept in the Crypt of Chartres Cathedral, hence the name.

Due to the circumstances of its geographic location, the City of Chartres was subject to Viking raids during the 9th and 10th centuries. In the year 858, the City was sacked and burned. Early in the 10th century, a Viking chieftain (later known as Normans, having founded Normandy) named Rollo came to power and he led an army of a few thousand Vikings, against Chartres in the spring of the year 911. Chartres was surrounded by a strong wall, which held the Vikings in check, so the Vikings were forced to lay siege to the City, his men spoiling the surrounding countryside as the days progressed.
Eventually Duke Robert and Duke Richard, assembled an army south of Chartres to oppose the fierce Vikings. The relieving force was made up, mainly of Burgundians and Franks and they hoped they were strong enough to attack and drive off the Vikings, as the inhabitants of Chartres continued to resist. They finally attacked the Vikings on 20 July 20 911, before the walls of Chartres.
When the Franks and Burgundians advanced, Rollo had his army drawn up in a concave pattern which pressed hard against the centre of the opposing army. Huge, berserk Vikings smote the French line and Duke Richard, under great pressure, began to slowly give ground, which would mean the collapse of his army. Rollo was fighting valiantly, certain he was about to vanquish his enemy, when suddenly Bishop Gaucelin, who led the defence of Chartres, sallied forth from the gates of Chartres surrounded by the steel clad defenders of the City. Unmistakable in his Episcopal mitre, holding aloft the Tunic of the Blessed Virgin Mary, a Relic then kept at Chartres, the defenders of the city fell upon the Vikings with sword and spear. The Vikings, caught between the enemy forces, retreated in defeat.

Dudo, the Norman historian of Saint Quentin, wrote:

“Rollo, mighty and powerful and vigorous and most fierce in arms,
do not feel ashamed if you now are considered a runaway.
No Frankish or Burgundian assembly,
of manifold nations and host,s puts you to flight, fells you,
but the nourishing Tunic of the Virgin Mother of God and
likewise amulets and relics and the reverend Cross
Which the Reverend Prelate carries in his worthy hands.”

In Chartres amongst the famous windows is the one below, honouring Our Lady of the Underground who saved the City in 911.

__
Bl Anthony of Milan
St Aristobulos of Britannia
Bl Arnold of Siena
Blessed Artemide Zatti SDB (1880-1951)
His life::

https://anastpaul.com/2020/03/15/saint-of-the-day-15-march-blessed-artemide-zatti-sdb-1880-1951/

St Bodian of Hanvec
St Clement Mary Hofbauer C.Ss.R (1751-1820)
Biography:

https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/03/15/saint-of-the-day-15-march-st-clement-mary-
hofbauer-c-ss-r-1751-1820/

St Eoghan of Concullen
St Eusebius II
Bl Francis of Fermo
Blessed Jan Adalbert Balicki (1869-1948)
About Blessed Jan:

https://anastpaul.com/2019/03/15/saint-of-the-day-blessed-jan-adalbert-balicki-1869-1948/
St Leocritia of Córdoba
St Longinus the Centurian
Bl Ludovico de la Pena
St Mancius of Evora
St Matrona of Capua
St Matrona of Thessaloniki
St Menignus of Parium
Bl Monaldus of Ancona
St Nicander of Alexandria
St Peter Pasquale
St Pío Conde y Conde
St Sisebuto
St Speciosus
St Vicenta of Coria
Bl Walter of Quesnoy
Bl William Hart
St Pope Zachary (Died 752) – Papal Ascension 5 December 741- 752

Posted in REDEMPTORISTS CSSR, SAINT of the DAY

The Third Sunday of Lent, Year A +2020 and Memorials of the Saints – 15 March

The Third Sunday of Lent, Year A +2020

Bl Anthony of Milan
St Aristobulos of Britannia
Bl Arnold of Siena
Blessed Artemide Zatti SDB (1880-1951)

St Bodian of Hanvec
St Clement Mary Hofbauer C.Ss.R (1751-1820)
Biography:
https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/03/15/saint-of-the-day-15-march-st-clement-mary-
hofbauer-c-ss-r-1751-1820/

St Eoghan of Concullen
St Eusebius II
Bl Francis of Fermo
Blessed Jan Adalbert Balicki (1869-1948)
About Blessed Jan:
https://anastpaul.com/2019/03/15/saint-of-the-day-blessed-jan-adalbert-balicki-1869-1948/
St Leocritia of Córdoba
St Longinus the Centurian
Bl Ludovico de la Pena
St Mancius of Evora
St Matrona of Capua
St Matrona of Thessaloniki
St Menignus of Parium
Bl Monaldus of Ancona
St Nicander of Alexandria
St Peter Pasquale
St Pío Conde y Conde
St Sisebuto
St Speciosus
St Vicenta of Coria
Bl Walter of Quesnoy
Bl William Hart
St Pope Zachary

Posted in SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – Blessed Jan Adalbert Balicki (1869-1948)

Saint of the Day – Blessed Jan Adalbert Balicki (1869-1948) – Priest, Professor of dogmatic theology at the Seminary, Spiritual Director, Preacher – born on 25 January 1869 in Staromiescie, Poland and died on 15 March 1948 of pneumonia and tuberculosis in Przemysl, Poland.   He was Beatified on 18 August 2002 by St Pope John Paul II at Krakow, Poland.

John Adalbert was raised in a deeply religious family and, although materially poor, they were a family rich in honesty and virtue.   From 1876-1888 he attended the schools of Rzeszow under the guidance of high level educators imbued with a love for Polish culture.   In September 1888 he entered the diocesan Seminary of Przemysl.   After four years of study and spiritual preparation, he was ordained on 20 July 1892.balicki

The bishop sent him to be assistant pastor in the parish of Polna.   He was appreciated as a man of prayer, a patient confessor and a gifted preacher.   After about a year, he was sent to Rome to pursue his formation at the Pontifical Gregorian University.   During his four years of study (1893-1897), he was aware of a dual responsibility – as a priest, to continue to make progress in Christian perfection and as a student, to complete his studies.   His spiritual approach to theology bore fruit later on in his teaching.   He listened to the lectures in the morning.   In the afternoon he read the authors referred to and, above all, St Thomas Aquinas.   Then he went to the chapel to pray over what he studied.   He spent his freetime in Rome visiting the shrines of the Apostles and the rooms of the saints.   It was a concrete way of learning about the faith.

Professor of theology, prefect of studies:
In the summer of 1897, he returned to Przemysl of the Latins, where he was appointed professor of dogmatic theology in the diocesan seminary.   He was convinced that theology is not only the science that regards God but the science that can turn man to reach God.   His lessons were meditations on the mysteries of God and had a good influence on the moral formation of his students.   Up till 1900, Fr Balicki was also prefect of studies.

Rector of the seminary:
In 1927, in a spirit of obedience, he accepted the post of vice-rector of the seminary and a year later he was appointed rector.   He was concerned about the spiritual formation of the priests.   Before he presented the candidates to the bishop, he studied the reports and prayed for light to make the proper decision.

Spiritual direction and confession:
In 1934 he was forced to resign as rector and professor of theology due to poor health but he continued to live at the seminary.   From 1934-1939 he could only hear confessions and give spiritual direction.   Many of his penitents testified that he had an extraordinary gift of penetrating the profondity of their soul.   As confessor he had an open heart for everyone who approached him with sincerity.   He was always available for confession despite poor health.   He was not just a judge or giver of absolution but he did all he could to motivate his penitents to grow spiritually.   He regularly gave direction through letters.blogoslawiony-ks-jan-woj-438

World War II: restrictions, worsened health:
In September 1939, Poland was plunged into the tragedy of the Second World War.   Right away the city of Przemysl was divided into two parts – the old section occupied by Soviet troops and the rest of the city occupied by the Germans.   Although the priests and the bishop and his collaborators thought it safer to move to the German side, Fr Balicki remained in the Soviet zone hoping to start again the activity of formation in the Seminary.   In the end, he was forced to move into a room in the bishop’s temporary housing.

In October 1941, the fighting in the area stopped and the artificial barrier that divided the city was abolished.   Fr Balicki stayed there in his temporary room with the bishop.

In the second half of February 1948, he became gravely ill and was diagnosed as having bilateral pneumonia and tuberculosis in its advanced stage.   He was admitted to the hospital where he died on 15 March 1948.   He was considered by all to be a “holy priest” and “humility in person”.

Teaching and example:
After his death, the fame of his holiness spread throughout Poland and beyond Poland by means of the Polish emigrants.   Eventually the people began to report to the authorities the answers to their prayers in which they begged John Adalbert to intercede for them.

Those who knew him report that his whole life was motivated by the desire to be the least among his brothers.   His humility was simple, natural, authentic.   There was no room for pride or vanity.   He was gentle and careful in his dealings with others.   He never desired to call attention to his own pains or sufferings.

What stood out as the fruit of humility was his great love of God and neighbour.   Love was the dominant attitude.   Humility allowed him to tend constantly toward God.   He said that the life of grace was revealed in the dominion of the spirit over the flesh and its disordered inclinations.   He stressed the role of the virtues in the growth of the spiritual life, especially mortification, patience and humility.   Mortification submits nature to grace, patience, inseparable from love, makes man capable of sacrifice for God, humility dethrones the ego to place the Lord at the centre of his heart.

He held up prayer as the indispensable nourishment for the growth of the interior life and for final perseverance.   Prayer is the elevation of the mind and heart to God so that we can live for Him and we love God with the love that He infuses into our hearts.

He did a study of mystical prayer in which he emphasised four degrees – prayer of quiet, prayer of simple union, ecstatic union and perfect union.

He also gave a list of the 7 steps for progress in the spiritual life.   They are a serious approach to life, readiness to be critical of self, unshakeable confidence in prayer, joy of spirit, love for suffering, praise of divine mercy and continuous self amendment.bl jan balicki

Model for Diocesan Priests:
On 22 December 1975, the then Cardinal Wojtyła wrote to Pope Paul VI to hold him up as a model for priests in our time….Vatican.va

Bl Jan was Beatified on 18 August 2002 by St Pope John Paul II at Krakow, Poland.

tomb and shrine of bl jan balicki
The Tomb and Shrine of Blessed Jan Adalbert Balicki

Posted in SAINT of the DAY

Memorials of the Saints – 15 March

Bl Anthony of Milan
St Aristobulos of Britannia
Bl Arnold of Siena
Bl Artemide Zatti
St Bodian of Hanvec
St Clement Mary Hofbauer C.Ss.R (1751-1820)
Biography: https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/03/15/saint-of-the-day-15-march-st-clement-mary-hofbauer-c-ss-r-1751-1820/

St Eoghan of Concullen
St Eusebius II
Bl Francis of Fermo
Bl Jan Adalbert Balicki (1869-1948)
St Leocritia of Córdoba
St Longinus the Centurian
Bl Ludovico de la Pena
St Mancius of Evora
St Matrona of Capua
St Matrona of Thessaloniki
St Menignus of Parium
Bl Monaldus of Ancona
St Nicander of Alexandria
St Peter Pasquale
St Pío Conde y Conde
St Sisebuto
St Speciosus
St Vicenta of Coria
Bl Walter of Quesnoy
Bl William Hart
St Pope Zachary