Posted in MARIAN TITLES, MARTYRS, SAINT of the DAY

Memorials of the Saints – 23 April

Friday of the Third Week of Easter +2021

Our Lady of Mende, Africa (16th Century) – 23 April:
Unfortunately, I have not been able to locate any information about this Marian Title anywhere!

St Adalbert of Prague (c 957-997) Bishop and Martyr (Optional Memorial)
About St Adalbert:

https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/04/23/saint-of-the-day-23-april-st-adalbert-of-prague/

St George (died c 303) Martyr (Optional Memorial)
St George!

https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/04/23/saint-of-the-day-23-april-st-george-died-c-303-martyr/

St Achilleus of Vienne
Bl Adalbert III of Salzburg
St Felix of Vienne
St Fortunatus of Vienna
St George of San Giorio
St Gerard of Orchimont
St Gerard of Toul (c 935–994) Bishop
About St Gerard:

https://anastpaul.com/2020/04/23/saint-of-the-day-23-april-saint-gerard-of-toul-c-935-994/
Bl Giles of Assisi
Bl Giles of Saumur
St Giorgio di Suelli (Died 1117) Bishop
Bl Helen del Cavalanti
St Ibar of Meath
Bl Maria Gabriela Sagheddu
St Marolus of Milan
St Pusinna of Champagne
Blessed Teresa Maria of the Cross OCD (1846–1910) Carmelite Sister
Her Story:

https://anastpaul.com/2019/04/23/saint-of-the-day-23-april-blessed-teresa-maria-of-the-cross-ocd-1846-1910/

Martyrs of Africa: A group of Christians murdered for their faith in northern Africa. Little information has survived but their names. The ones we know are – Catulinus, Chorus, Faustinus, Felicis, Felix, Nabors, Plenus, Salunus, Saturninus, Silvius, Solutus, Theodora, Theodorus, Theon, Ursus, Valerius, Venustus, Victorinus, Victurus, Vitalis.

Posted in SAINT of the DAY

Memorials of the Saints – 23 April

St Adalbert of Prague (c 957-997) Martyr (Optional Memorial)
About St Adalbert:
https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/04/23/saint-of-the-day-23-april-st-adalbert-of-prague/

St George (died c 303) Martyr (Optional Memorial)
St George!
https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/04/23/saint-of-the-day-23-april-st-george-died-c-303-martyr/

St Achilleus of Vienne
Bl Adalbert III of Salzburg
St Felix of Vienne
St Fortunatus of Vienna
St George of San Giorio
St Gerard of Orchimont
St Gerard of Toul (c 935–994)
Bl Giles of Assisi
Bl Giles of Saumur
Bl Giorgio di Suelli
Bl Helen del Cavalanti
St Ibar of Meath
Bl Maria Gabriela Sagheddu
St Marolus of Milan
St Pusinna of Champagne
Bl Teresa Maria of the Cross (1846–1910)
Her Story:
https://anastpaul.com/2019/04/23/saint-of-the-day-23-april-blessed-teresa-maria-of-the-cross-ocd-1846-1910/

Martyrs of Africa: A group of Christians murdered for their faith in northern Africa. Little information has survived but their names. The ones we know are – Catulinus, Chorus, Faustinus, Felicis, Felix, Nabors, Plenus, Salunus, Saturninus, Silvius, Solutus, Theodora, Theodorus, Theon, Ursus, Valerius, Venustus, Victorinus, Victurus, Vitalis

Posted in MARTYRS, SAINT of the DAY

Memorials of the Saints – 23 April

St Adalbert of Prague (c 957-997) Martyr (Optional Memorial)
About St Adalbert:   https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/04/23/saint-of-the-day-23-april-st-adalbert-of-prague/

St George (died c 303) Martyr (Optional Memorial)
St George!https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/04/23/saint-of-the-day-23-april-st-george-died-c-303-martyr/

St Achilleus of Vienne
Bl Adalbert III of Salzburg
St Felix of Vienne
St Fortunatus of Vienna
St George of San Giorio
St Gerard of Orchimont
Bl Gerard of Toul
Bl Giles of Assisi
Bl Giles of Saumur
Bl Giorgio di Suelli
Bl Helen del Cavalanti
St Ibar of Meath
Bl Maria Gabriela Sagheddu
St Marolus of Milan
St Pusinna of Champagne
Bl Teresa Maria of the Cross (1846–1910)

Martyrs of Africa: A group of Christians murdered for their faith in northern Africa. Little information has survived but their names. The ones we know are – Catulinus, Chorus, Faustinus, Felicis, Felix, Nabors, Plenus, Salunus, Saturninus, Silvius, Solutus, Theodora, Theodorus, Theon, Ursus, Valerius, Venustus, Victorinus, Victurus, Vitalis

Posted in EASTER, FEASTS and SOLEMNITIES, MORNING Prayers, PRAYERS of the SAINTS, QUOTES of the SAINTS, SAINT of the DAY, The WORD

One Minute Reflection – 23 April Octave and Divine Mercy Sunday

One Minute Reflection – 23 April
Octave and Divine Mercy Sunday

DAILY MEDITATION: Kindle the faith of your people and show us Your Mercy!

But you are “a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people of his own, so that you may announce the praises” of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.    Once you were “no people” but now you are God’s people; you “had not received mercy” but now you have received mercy………………..1 Peter 2:9-10

REFLECTION – “How much the world is in need of the mercy of God today!   In every continent, from the depths of human suffering, a cry for mercy seems to rise.   In those places where hatred and the thirst for revenge are overwhelming, where war brings suffering and the death of innocents, one needs the grace of mercy to pacify the minds and the hearts and make peace spring forth.   In those places where there is less respect for life and human dignity, one needs the merciful love of God, in whose light we see the ineffable value of every single human being.   Mercy is needed to ensure that every injustice may find its solution in the splendour of truth. …..As a gift to humanity, which sometimes seems bewildered and overwhelmed by the power of evil, selfishness, and fear, the Risen Lord offers His love that pardons, reconciles, and reopens hearts to love. It is a love that converts hearts and gives peace.   How much the world needs to understand and accept Divine Mercy!”…………St John Paul

PRAYER – “Lord, who reveal the Father’s love by Your death and Resurrection, we believe in You and confidently repeat to You today: Jesus, I trust in You, have mercy upon us and upon the whole world. Amen.” – St John Paul (During his last journey to Poland in August of 2002) St Adalbert of Prague pray for us!

1 PETER 2-10AS A GIFT TO HUMANITY-ST JOHN PAULst adalbert of prague pray for us

Posted in MARTYRS, SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 23 April – St Adalbert of Prague, Bishop and Martyr

Saint of the Day – 23 April – St Adalbert of Prague (c 956-997) Bishop and Martyr, Missionary – also known as Adalbert of Praha, Apostle of Bohemia, Apostle of the Prussians, Apostle of the Slavs  – Patronages – of Poland, Hungary, Bohemia, Czech Republic, Archdiocese of Prague, Czech Republic, Prussia.

Heiliger-Adalbert-Heiligenbildchen

St Adalbert was born circa 956, in modern-day Czech Republic, with the given name of Vojtech.    He came from a large, noble family and was one of seven sons to Prince Slavnik.    Vojtech survived a serious illness as a child and was consecrated for service to God.    He studied in Magdeburg, under St Adalbert of Magdeburg and Vojtech took his mentor’s name at his confirmation.    The younger St Adalbert returned home and was Ordained a Priest and soon became Bishop of Prague at the age of 27.  Adalbert was consecrated as the Bishop of Prague just months after becoming a priest.   “It is an easy thing to wear the mitre and a cross,” Adalbert reflected, “but it is a most dreadful circumstance to have an account to give of a bishopric to the Judge of the living and the dead.”22 st adalbert

Bohemia was still a mostly pagan area at the time and Adalbert condemned their practices of polygamy, idolatry and slavery.    He tried to protect a woman accused of adultery but was unsuccessful and the woman was killed.    St Adalbert excommunicated the murderers and was soon forced to exile in Hungary.    He was welcomed by King Boleslaw I and made bishop of Gnesen.    Here, he baptised St Stephen of Hungary and converted many pagans.   St Adalbert 1 of 1

St Adalbert eventually resigned from the See to become a missionary in modern-day Poland.    He converted many and angered pagan priests in the process.    St Adalbert was Martyred in April of 997 and the king paid his weight in gold to have the body returned.455px-Szt-adalbert

A few years after his Martyrdom, Adalbert was Canonised as St Adalbert of Prague.    His life was written in Vita Sancti Adalberti Pragensis by various authors, the earliest being traced to imperial Aachen and the Bishop of Liège, Notger von Lüttich, although it was previously assumed that the Roman monk John Canaparius wrote the first Vita in 999. Another famous biographer of St Adalbert was St Bruno of Querfurt who wrote a hagiography of him in 1001-4.

Notably, the Přemyslid rulers of Bohemia initially refused to ransom St Adalbert’s body from the Prussians who murdered him and therefore it was purchased by Poles.    This fact may be explained by the Saint belonging to the Slavniks family which was rival to the Přemyslids.    Thus St Adalbert’s bones were preserved in Gniezno, which assisted Boleslaus I of Poland in increasing Polish political and diplomatic power in Europe.

ST ADALBERT'S COFFIN Catedral_de_Gniezno,_Gniezno,_Polonia,_2014-09-17,_DD_25-27_HDR
Silver coffin of St Adalbert, Cathedral in Gniezno

According to Bohemian accounts, in 1039 the Bohemian Duke Břetislav I looted the bones of St Adalbert from Gniezno in a raid and translated them to Prague.    According to Polish accounts, however, he stole the wrong relics, namely those of St Gaudentius, while the Poles concealed St Adalbert’s relics and consequently remain in Gniezno.    In 1127 his severed head, which was not in the original purchase according to Roczniki Polskie, was discovered and translated to Gniezno.    In 1928, one of the arms of St Adalbert, which Bolesław I had given to Holy Roman Emperor Otto III in 1000, was added to the bones preserved in Gniezno.    Therefore, today St Adalbert has two elaborate shrines in the Prague Cathedral and Royal Cathedral of Gniezno, each of which claims to possess his relics, but which of their bones are his authentic relics, is unknown.    For example, pursuant to both claims the Saint has two skulls.    The one in Gniezno was stolen in 1923.   However in the 1970s the relics in Prague, below, were examined by anthropologists and confirmed as belonging to St Adalbert.

relics of st adalbert inprague
The Relics of St Adalbert in Prague Cathedral

st-vitus-st-wenceslas-st-adalbert-cathedral-chapelle-saint-venceslas-prazsky-hrad-53 (1)
The Shrine of St Adalbert in St Vitus Cathedral, Prague

The massive bronze doors of Gniezno Cathedral, dating from around 1175, are decorated with eighteen reliefs of scenes from the Saint’s life.    They are the only Romanesque ecclesiastical doors in Europe depicting a cycle illustrating the life of a saint and therefore are a precious relic documenting Adalbert’s martyrdom.

BRONZE DOORS OF GNIEZNO CATHEDRAL

23 April 1997 was the one thousandth anniversary of St Adalbert’s martyrdom.   It was commemorated in Poland, Czech Republic, Germany, Russia and other nations. Representatives of Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox and Evangelical churches travelled on a pilgrimage to the Saint’s tomb located in Gniezno.    St Pope John Paul II visited the Cathedral and celebrated a Liturgy there in which heads of seven European nations and approximately one million faithful participated.069_saint_adalbert

A ten-meter cross was erected near the village of Beregovoe (formerly Tenkitten), Kaliningrad Oblast where St Adalbert is thought to have been martyred by the Prussians.

Adalbert_of_Prague
St Adalbert in Prague

st adalbert and his brother Socha_Svateho_Vojtecha_a_Radima
Monument to St Adalbert and his brother Gaudentiu in the Czech Republic