Posted in MARIAN TITLES, SAINT of the DAY

Madonna della Rovere, Roble San Bartolomeo al Mare, Italy and Memorials of the Saints – 10 May

Monday of the Sixth Week of Easter +2021

Madonna della Rovere, Roble San Bartolomeo al Mare, Italy (1671) – 19 May (Additional Memorial 18 April):

“The Madonna della Rovere is an ancient devotion from an image that was found in a village called Oak. There were two apparitions of the Virgin Mary and several miracles in the seventeenth century.
San Bartolomeo al Mare is a Town in the Province of Imperia, Liguria region in northwest Italy. The ancient and vast territory in the medieval village of Oak is located between the Towns of Cervo and Diano. In the pre-Roman era it was called “Lucus Bormani” where “Lucus” means “sacred forest,”,”Bor” to “source” and “man,” whereby the “Lucus Bormani” means “ sacred grove dedicated to the god Borman “the god of springs, cruel and bloodthirsty. The Romans also devoted to the jungle forests, Diana, goddess of the hunt, so the Town of Diano called “Pagus Dianius”.
The five oak trees that still surround the Shrine of Robre are the last remnants of the ancient forest. It is said that the Statue was found in an oak but perhaps more true is that the Statue was made of oak timber.

Perato Giacinto di Rollo, aged 50, on the night of 3 April 1671, after working all day in the fields, called his wife, saying his arm was hurt. The left arm was dead, insensible to pinching and medical punctures. After several attempts at restoring his arm, it remained insensitive.
A few days later, on 18 April, with his arm in a sling, Perato took his donkey to graze in the area of the Town of Armea. Below is his miraculous tale:
“A few hours before noon, a few steps ahead of me, I saw a woman dressed in turquoise shining like the sun … She told me that I should trust the Madonna to help me . “

On 19 April 1671, Giacinto, riding on his donkey, went to the Shrine of Our Lady of the Oak, with his wife and Don Damián Tagliaferro.
During the Mass, at the moment of Consecration, his eyes glazed over and he fell to the ground unconscious. When after three quarters of an hour he awoke and with the support of his wife, rose slowly, his arm functioned again. He was completely healed. This miracle has been recorded under oath by seven people, including a doctor, a lawyer and six priests. The documents are stored in the Curia of the Diocese of Albenga.

On 10 May 1671 Our Lady appeared to cure a peasant and asked him to build a Chapel in the place where she had appeared. The Church was built immediately, the faithful and clergy of the surrounding areas all being piously devoted to Our Lady.” (The above has been translated from Italian).

St John of Avila (1499-1569) “Apostle of Andalusia”– Doctor of the Church, known as “Father Master Avila”
About St John:

https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/05/10/saint-of-the-day-10-may-st-john-of-avila-1499-1569-apostle-of-andalusia-known-as-father-master-avila-doctor-of-the-church/

St Joseph de Veuster SS.CC. (1840-1889) – St Damian of Molokai “The Martyr of Molokai,” Priest of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, Missionary – known as “Martyr of Molokai”, “Martyr of Charity”, “Apostle to the Lepers” – Patron of lepers. (Optional Memorial)
St Damian’s life:

https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/05/10/10-may-the-memorial-of-st-damian-de-veuster-de-molokai/

Robert Louis Stevenson and St Damian: https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/05/10/blessed-memorial-of-s-damian-de-veuster-de-molokai/

St Alphius of Lentini
Bl Amalarius of Metz
Bl Antonio of Norcia
St Aurelian of Limoges
Bl Beatrix d’Este the Elder
St Blanda of Rome
St Calepodius of Rome
St Catald of Taranto (Died c 685) Bishop
St Comgall of Bangor
St Cyrinus of Lentini
St Dioscorides of Smyrna

Blessed Enrico Rebuschini MI (1860-1938) Priest of the Camillians [Clerics Regular, Ministers to the Sick, also known as the “Hospitallers” the Order founded by St Camillus de Lellis’ (1550-1614)]
His Story:

https://anastpaul.com/2020/05/10/saint-of-the-day-10-may-blessed-enrico-rebuschini-mi-1860-1938/
(The video shows great images of Italy).

St Epimachus of Rome
St Felix of Rome
Bl Giusto Santgelp
St Gordian the Judge

Blessed Ivan Merz MI (1896-1928) Layman, Teacher, Professor, Apostle of the Blessed Sacrament and of prayer, Founder of Youth Movements in Croatia
Biography:

https://anastpaul.com/2019/05/10/saint-of-the-day-10-may-blessed-ivan-merz-1896-1928/

Bl Nicholas Albergati
St Palmatius of Rome
St Philadelphus of Lentini
St Quartus of Capua
St Quintus of Capua
St Simplicius of Rome
St Solange of Bourges
St Thecla
Bl William of Pontnoise

Posted in CHRIST, the WAY,TRUTH,LIFE, DOCTORS of the Church, FATHERS of the Church, FEASTS and SOLEMNITIES, GOD ALONE!, JUNE-THE SACRED HEART, PRAYERS for VARIOUS NEEDS, PRAYERS of the SAINTS, QUOTES for CHRIST, QUOTES of the SAINTS, QUOTES on DEATH, QUOTES on ETERNITY, QUOTES on FEAR, QUOTES on LOVE of GOD, QUOTES on PRIESTS, the PRIESTHOOD and CONSECRATED LIFE, SACRED HEART QUOTES, SAINT of the DAY

Quote/s of the Day – 19 June –

Quote/s of the Day – 19 June – Solemnity of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus and the World Day of Prayer for the Sanctification of Priests and the Memorial of Bl Maria Rosa Flesch FSMA (1826-1906)

“We, Christians,
are the true Israel which springs from Christ,
for we are carved out of His Heart,
as from a Rock!”

St Justin Martyr (100-165)
Father of the Church and Martyr

we-christians-are-the-true-israel-st-justin-martyr-28-june-2019-sacrd-heart05 and 19 june 2020

Looking forward to never-ending communion,
St Gertrude ended her earthly life on 17 November 1301 or 1302,
at the age of about 46.
In the seventh Exercise, that of preparation for death, St Gertrude wrote:

“O Jesus, You who are immensely dear to me,
be with me always,
so that my heart may stay with You
and that Your love may endure with me, 
with no possibility of division
and bless my passing,
so that my spirit,
freed from the bonds of the flesh,
may immediately find rest in you.
Amen”

St Gertrude the Great (1256-1302)

prayer to the sacred heart for our death - st gertrude the great 19 june 2020 sacred heart

“If the Jewish High priest carried the names
of the twelve tribes of Israel
written on his shoulders and on his breast,
how much more Christ, our High Priest,
carries our names
written on His Heart”

St John of Avila (1500-1569)
Doctor of the Church

if-the-jewish-high-priests-st-john-of-avila-28-june-2019-sacred-heart and 19 june 2020

“Do everything
out of love for God,
for God,
with God,
to get to God.”

Bl Maria Rosa Flesch FSMA (1826-1906)

do everything out opf love for god, for god, with god, to get to god - blmaria rosa flesch 19 june 2020 sacred heart

“The priesthood
is the love
of the heart of Jesus”

St John Marie Baptiste Vianney (1786-1859)
Patron of Priests

the-priesthood-is-the-love-st-john-vianney-28-june-2019-sacred-heart and 19 june 2020

“Ah! Beside You I am not afraid of anything!
I snuggle up against You and,
like the lost sheep,
hear the beating of Your Heart.
Jesus, yet again I am Yours,
Yours forever.
With You, I am truly great,
without You, nothing but a weak reed. 
Upheld by You,
I am a pillar!”

St John XXIII (1881-1963)

Journal of a soul, 1901-1903

ah beside you i am not afraid - st john XXIII 19 june 2020 sacred heart

Posted in DOCTORS of the Church, SAINT of the DAY, YouTube VIDEOS

Fifth Sunday of Easter, Year A +2020 and Memorials of the Saints – 10 May

Fifth Sunday of Easter, Year A +2020

St John of Avila (1499-1569) “Apostle of Andalusia”– Doctor of the Church
About St John:
https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/05/10/saint-of-the-day-10-may-st-john-of-avila-1499-1569-apostle-of-andalusia-known-as-father-master-avila-doctor-of-the-church/

St Joseph de Veuster (1840-1889) – St Damian of Molokai “The Martyr of Molokai”(Optional Memorial)
St Damian’s life:
https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/05/10/10-may-the-memorial-of-st-damian-de-veuster-de-molokai/

Robert Louis Stevenson and St Damian: https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/05/10/blessed-memorial-of-s-damian-de-veuster-de-molokai/

St Alphius of Lentini
Bl Amalarius of Metz
Bl Antonio of Norcia
St Aurelian of Limoges
Bl Beatrix d’Este the Elder
St Blanda of Rome
St Calepodius of Rome
St Catald of Taranto
St Comgall of Bangor
St Cyrinus of Lentini
St Dioscorides of Smyrna
Blessed Enrico Rebuschini MI (1860-1938) (This video shows great images of Italy).

St Epimachus of Rome
St Felix of Rome
Bl Giusto Santgelp
St Gordian the Judge
Bl Ivan Merz (1896-1928)
Biography:
https://anastpaul.com/2019/05/10/saint-of-the-day-10-may-blessed-ivan-merz-1896-1928/
Bl Nicholas Albergati
St Palmatius of Rome
St Philadelphus of Lentini
St Quartus of Capua
St Quintus of Capua
St Simplicius of Rome
St Solange of Bourges
St Thecla
Bl William of Pontnoise

Posted in DIVINE MERCY, DOCTORS of the Church, EASTER, FATHERS of the Church, GOD is LOVE, I BELIEVE!, QUOTES of the SAINTS, QUOTES on FAITH, QUOTES on FORGIVENESS, QUOTES on MERCY, QUOTES on the CHURCH, SACRED and IMMACULATE HEARTS

Quote of the Day – 19 April – Divine Mercy Sunday

Quote of the Day – 19 April – Low Sunday the Octave Day of Easter and Divine Mercy Sunday

“We, Christians,
are the true Israel which springs from Christ,
for we are carved out of His Heart,
as from a Rock!”

St Justin Martyr (100-165)
Father of the Church and Martyr

we-christians-are-the-true-israel-st-justin-martyr-28-june-2019-sacrd-heart05 and divine mercy sunday 19 april 2020

“If the Jewish High priest carried the names
of the twelve tribes of Israel
written on his shoulders and on his breast,
how much more Christ, our High Priest,
carries our names
written on His Heart”

St John of Avila (1500-1569)
Doctor of the Church

if-the-jewish-high-priests-st-john-of-avila-28-june-2019-sacred-heart and 19 april 2020 divine mercy sunday

Divine Mercy 3 O’Clock Prayer
St Faustina Kowalska (1905–1938)

You expired, O Jesus,
but the source of life
gushed forth for souls
and an ocean of mercy
opened up for the whole world.
O Fount of Life,
unfathomable Divine Mercy,
envelop the whole world
and empty Yourself out upon us.
O Blood and Water,
which gushed forth
from the Heart of Jesus
as a fount of mercy for us,
I trust in You.
Amen

divine-mercy-3-oclock-prayer-div-mercy-sunday-28-april-2019-and-5-oct-2019 and 19 april 2020 div mercy sunday

“Jesus, I trust in You”
these words summarise the faith of the Christian,
which is faith in the omnipotence of God’s merciful Love.”

Pope Benedict XVI

REGINA CÆLI
Second Sunday of Easter, 15 April 2007

jesus i trust in you these words summarise the faith of the christian pope benedict div mercy sunday 19 april 2020

Posted in CATHOLIC DEVOTIONS of the Month, DOCTORS of the Church, FATHERS of the Church, FEASTS and SOLEMNITIES, MORNING Prayers, QUOTES of the SAINTS, SACRED and IMMACULATE HEARTS

Quote/s of the Day – 28 June – The Most Sacred Heart of Jesus

Quote/s of the Day – 28 June – Solemnity of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus and the World Day of Prayer for the Sanctification of Priests

“We, Christians,
are the true Israel which springs from Christ,
for we are carved out of His Heart,
as from a Rock!”

St Justin Martyr (100-165)

Father of the Church and Martyrwe christians are the true israel - st justin martyr 28 june 2019 sacrd heart05

“If the Jewish High priest carried the names
of the twelve tribes of Israel
written on his shoulders and on his breast,
how much more Christ, our High Priest,
carries our names
written on His Heart”

St John of Avila (1500-1569)
Doctor of the Churchif the jewish high priests - st john of avila - 28 june 2019 sacred heart

“When the Church,
in the days immediately succeeding her institution,
was oppressed beneath the yoke of the Caesars,
a young Emperor saw in the heavens across,
which became at once the happy omen
and cause of the glorious victory,
that soon followed.
And now, to-day, behold,
another blessed and heavenly token
is offered to our sight-
the most Sacred Heart of Jesus,
with a cross rising from it and shining forth
with dazzling splendour amidst flames of love.
In that Sacred Heart
all our hopes should be placed
and from it,
the salvation of men
is to be confidently besought.
…. there is in the Sacred Heart
a symbol and a sensible image
of the infinite love of Jesus Christ
which moves us to love one another…”

Pope Leo XIII

ANNUM SACRUM (Holy Year)
ENCYCLICAL OF POPE LEO XIII
ON CONSECRATION TO
THE SACRED HEART
25 MAY 1899there-is-in-the-sacred-heart-pope-leo-xiii-and-john-19-34-but-one-soldier-9-june-2018-sacred-heart.jpg

” I wish to serve the Sacred Heart of Jesus, today and always.
I want my devotion to His Heart
to be the measure of all my spiritual progress.
I desire to do everything in intimate union
with the Sacred Heart of Jesus
in the Blessed Sacrament.”

St Pope John XXIII (1881-1963)i wish to serve the sacred heart of jesus - st john XXIII 28 june 2019 sacred heart.jpg

“By blood, I am Albanian.
By citizenship, an Indian.
By Faith, I am a Catholic Nun.
As to my calling,
I belong to the World.
As to my heart,
I belong entirely to
the Heart of Jesus.”by blood i am an albanian - st mother teresa 28 june 2019 sacred heart.jpg

“Do not let the past disturb you –
just leave everything in
the Sacred Heart
and being again
with joy!”

St Mother Teresa (1910-1997)do not let the past disturb you - st mother teresa-28 june 2019 sacred heart351305

Posted in SAINT of the DAY

Memorials of the Saints – 10 May

St John of Avila (1499-1569) “Apostle of Andalusia”– Doctor of the Church
About St John:   https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2018/05/10/saint-of-the-day-10-may-st-john-of-avila-1499-1569-apostle-of-andalusia-known-as-father-master-avila-doctor-of-the-church/

St Joseph de Veuster (1840-1889) – St Damian of Molokai “The Martyr of Molokai”(Optional Memorial)
St Damian’s life:   https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/05/10/10-may-the-memorial-of-st-damian-de-veuster-de-molokai/

Robert Louis Stevenson and St Damian: https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/05/10/blessed-memorial-of-s-damian-de-veuster-de-molokai/

St Alphius of Lentini
Bl Amalarius of Metz
Bl Antonio of Norcia
St Aurelian of Limoges
Bl Beatrix d’Este the Elder
St Blanda of Rome
St Calepodius of Rome
St Catald of Taranto
St Comgall of Bangor
St Cyrinus of Lentini
St Dioscorides of Smyrna
Bl Enrico Rebuschini
St Epimachus of Rome
St Felix of Rome
Bl Giusto Santgelp
St Gordian the Judge
Bl Ivan Merz (1896-1928)
Bl Nicholas Albergati
St Palmatius of Rome
St Philadelphus of Lentini
St Quartus of Capua
St Quintus of Capua
St Simplicius of Rome
St Solange of Bourges
St Thecla
Bl William of Pontnoise

Posted in DOCTORS of the Church, QUOTES of the SAINTS, QUOTES on HUMILITY, SAINT of the DAY

Thought for the Day – 10 May – Thursday of the Sixth Week of Eastertide, the Memorials of St John of Avila (1499-1569) Doctor of the Church

Thought for the Day – 10 May – Thursday of the Sixth Week of Eastertide, the Memorials of St John of Avila (1499-1569) Doctor of the Church

Five Grades of Humility and Twelve Degrees.
By St John of Avila “Father Master Avila” Doctor of the Church (1499-1569)

The first grade is that, recognising his own
baseness, a man should treat his own will with
contempt.

The second is outwardly to show this self-
contempt both in dress and manners and by
choosing work of a mean and servile character.

The third is to be patient when despised by
others.

The fourth is to rejoice in being despised.

The fifth is to desire with the whole heart to
be despised by others.

Twelve other degrees of humility. 

The first degree is the fear of God.

The second, is to deny our own will.

The third, is obedience.

The fourth, is patience.

The fifth, is the confession of sins.

The sixth, is contempt of oneself.

The seventh, is to prefer others to oneself,
esteeming them more highly.

The eighth, is to avoid singularity in outward
things.

The ninth, is to be silent unless spoken to.

The tenth, is not to be prompt to laughter.

The eleventh, is to speak little and with
gravity.

The twelfth, is to prefer a low estate and
occupation.

St John of Avila (1499-1569), Pray for us!

And to Divide the week into stages of the Passion of Christ: – read here – https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/05/10/thought-for-the-day-10-may/st-john-of-avila-pray-for-us-no-10 may 2017.2

Posted in DOCTORS of the Church, EUCHARISTIC Adoration, MORNING Prayers, QUOTES of the SAINTS, QUOTES on HUMILITY, QUOTES on SANCTITY, QUOTES on SUFFERING, QUOTES on the CROSS of CHRIST, SAINT of the DAY, The HOLY EUCHARIST

Quote/s of the Day – 10 May St John of Avila (1499-1569) St Joseph de Veuster (1840-1889)

Quote/s of the Day – 10 May – Thursday of the Sixth Week of Eastertide, the Memorials of St John of Avila (1499-1569) “Apostle of Andalusia” “Father Master Avila” – Doctor of the Church and St Joseph de Veuster (1840-1889) – St Damian of Molokai

“Turn yourself round like a piece of clay and say to the Lord:
I am clay, and You, Lord, the potter.
Make of me what You will.”turn-yourself-round-stjohnofavila-10 may 2017

“Withdraw your heart from the world
before God takes your body from it.”withdraw-your-heart-st-john-of-avila-10-may-2018.jpg

Dear brothers and sisters, I pray God may open your eyes
and let you see what hidden treasures He bestows on us
in the trials from which the world thinks only to flee.
Shame turns into honour when we seek God’s glory.
Present affliction become the source of heavenly glory.
To those who suffer wounds in fighting His battles,
God opens His arms in loving, tender friendship.
That is why He (Christ) tells us, that if we want to join Him,
we shall travel the way He took.
It is surely not right that the Son of God should go His way
on the path of shame, while the sons of men
walk the way of worldly honour:
“The disciple is not above his teacher,
nor the servant greater than his master.”

St John of Avila “Father Master Avila” (1499-1569)dear brothers and sisters - st john of avila - 10 may 2018

“The Blessed Sacrament is indeed the stimulus for us all, for me as it should be for you, to forsake all worldly ambitions.   Without the constant presence of our Divine Master upon the altar in my poor chapels, I never could have persevered casting my lot with the lepers of Molokai, the foreseen consequence of which, begins now to appear on my skin and is felt throughout the body.   Holy Communion being the daily bread of a priest, I feel myself happy, well pleasedand resigned in the rather exceptional circumstances, in which it has pleased Divine Providence to put me.”

St Father Damien of Molokai (1840-1889)the blessed sacrament is indeed the stimulus - st damian of molokai - 10 may 2018

 

Posted in DOCTORS of the Church, PAPAL DECREE, PAPAL MESSAGES, SAINT of the DAY, VATICAN Resources

Saint of the Day – 10 May – St John of Avila (1499-1569) “Apostle of Andalusia” known as “Father Master Avila” – Doctor of the Church

Saint of the Day – 10 May – St John of Avila (1499-1569) “Apostle of Andalusia” known as “Father Master Avila” – Doctor of the Church – Priest, Doctor of the Church, known as the Apostle of Andalusia, Mystic, Author, Preacher, Scholastic teacher, Founder of Schools and Universities, Reformer, Spiritual Advisor, Evangelist, Preacher (one of the greatest preachers of his time) was born on 6 January 1499 at Almodovar del Campo (Ciudad Real), Toledo, New Castile, Spain and died on 10 May 1569 at Montilla, Spain of natural causes.   Patronages – of  Andalusia, Spain, Spain, Spanish secular clergy, World Youth Day 2011.   His Relics are  interred in the Jesuit church at Montilla, Spain.  (More info and images see my post last year:  https://anastpaul.wordpress.com/2017/05/10/saint-of-the-day-10-may-st-john-of-avila/).

JohnofAvila

APOSTOLIC LETTER

Proclaiming Saint John of Avila, diocesan priest,
a Doctor of the Universal Church

BENEDICTUS PP. XVI
FOR PERPETUAL REMEMBRANCE

1. Caritas Christi urget nos (2 Cor 5:14).   The love of God, made known in Jesus Christ, is the key to the personal experience and teaching of the Holy Master John of Avila, an “evangelical preacher” constantly grounded in the sacred Scriptures, passionately concerned for the truth and an outstanding precursor of the new evangelization.

The primacy of grace, which inspires good works, the promotion of a spirituality of trust and the universal call to holiness lived as a response to God’s love are central themes in the teaching of this diocesan priest who devoted his life to the exercise of his priestly ministry.

On 4 March 1538 Pope Paul III issued the Bull Altitudo Divinae Providentiae, addressed to John of Avila and authorizing him to found the University of Baeza in the province of Jaén. John is there described as “praedicatorem insignem Verbi Dei”.   On 14 March 1565 Pius IV sent a Bull confirming the faculties granted to the University in 1538, wherein John is called “Magistrum in theologia et verbi Dei praedicatorem insignem” (cf. Biatiensis Universitas, 1968).   His contemporaries readily called him “Master”, a title which he held from 1538. In the homily for his canonization on 31 May 1970, Pope Paul VI praised his person and his outstanding teaching on the priesthood;  he held him up as an example of preaching and spiritual direction, called him a advocate of ecclesiastical reform and stressed his continuing influence down to our own time.

John of Avila lived in the first half of the sixteenth century.   He was born on 6 January 1499 or 1500 in Almodóvar del Campo (Ciudad Real, in the Archdiocese of Toledo).   He was the only son of devout Christian parents, Alonso Ávila and Catalina Gijón, who were wealthy and of high social standing.   When John was fourteen years old, he was sent to study law at the prestigious University of Salamanca.   He left his studies at the end of the fourth term, after a profound experience of conversion.   This prompted him to return home to devote himself to meditation and prayer.

Set on becoming a priest, in 1520 he went to study theology and humanities at the University of Alcalá de Henares, which was open to the great currents of the theology of that time and to the stirring of Renaissance humanism.   In 1526, he received priestly ordination and celebrated his first solemn Mass in his parish church.   Intending to go as a missionary to the West Indies, he determined to distribute his large inheritance among the needy.   Then, with the consent of the future first Bishop of Tlaxcala in New Spain (Mexico), he went to Seville to await a ship for the new world.

While preparing for his journey, John devoted himself to preaching in the city and its environs.   There he met the venerable Servant of God Fernando de Contreras, a doctor of Alcalá and a celebrated catechist.   Fernando, impressed by the young priest’s witness of life and his rhetorical ability, got the Archbishop of Seville to dissuade him from going to America in order to remain in Andalusia.   He stayed with de Contreras in Seville, sharing with him a life of poverty and prayer.   Devoting himself to preaching and spiritual direction, he continued to study theology at the College of Saint Thomas, where he may have been granted the title of “Master”.

In 1531, because of a misunderstanding about a homily he had given, John was imprisoned.   It was in prison that he began writing the first version of his work, Audi, Filia.  In those years he received the grace of an unusually profound insight into the mystery of God’s love and the great benefits bestowed on humanity by Jesus Christ our Redeemer.   Thereafter these were to be pillars of his spiritual life and central themes of his preaching.

Following his acquittal in 1533, he continued to preach with considerable success among the people and before the authorities but he chose to move to the Diocese of Córdoba, where he received incardination.   Some time later, in 1536, the Archbishop of Granada summoned him, desirous of his counsel.   There, in addition to continuing his work of evangelisation, he completed his studies at the university.

Thanks to his insight into the times and his excellent academic training, John of Avila was an outstanding theologian and a true humanist.   He proposed the establishment of an international court of arbitration to avoid wars and he invented and patented a number of engineering devices.   Leading a life of great poverty, he devoted himself above all to encouraging the Christian life of those who readily listened to his preaching and followed him everywhere.   He was especially concerned for the education and instruction of boys and young men, especially those studying for the priesthood.   He founded several minor and major colleges, which after the Council of Trent would become seminaries along the lines laid down by that Council.   He also founded the University of Baeza, which was known for centuries for its work of training clerics and laity.

After travelling throughout Andalusia and other regions of Central and Eastern Spain in preaching and prayer, in 1554, already ill, he finally withdrew to a simple house in Montilla (Córdoba), where he exercised his apostolate through an abundant correspondence and the preparation of several of his writings.   The Archbishop of Granada wanted to take John as his theological expert to the last two sessions of the Council of Trent.   Prevented from travelling because of ill health, he drafted the Memoriales, which were to have considerable influence on that great ecclesial assembly.

On the morning of 10 May 1569, in his humble home in Montilla, surrounded by disciples and friends, clinging to a crucifix, after much suffering he surrendered his soul to the Lord.

3. John of Avila was a contemporary, friend and counsellor of great saints and one of the most celebrated and widely esteemed spiritual masters of his time.

Saint Ignatius Loyola, who held him in high regard, was eager for him to enter the nascent “Company” which was to become the Society of Jesus.   Although he himself did not enter, the Master directed some thirty of his best students to the Society.   Juan Ciudad, later Saint John of God, the founder of the Order of Hospitallers, was converted by listening to the saintly Master and thereafter relied on him as his spiritual director. The grandee Saint Francis Borgia, later the General of the Society of Jesus, was another important convert thanks to the help of Father Avila.   Saint Thomas of Villanova, Archbishop of Valencia, disseminated Father Avila’s catechetical method in his diocese and throughout the south of Spain.   Among Father Avila’s friends were Saint Peter of Alcántara, Provincial of the Franciscans and reformer of the Order, and Saint John de Ribera, Bishop of Badajoz, who asked him to provide preachers to renew his diocese and later, as Archbishop of Valencia, kept a manuscript in his library containing 82 of John’s sermons.   Teresa of Jesus, now a Doctor of the Church, underwent great trials before she was able to send him the manuscript of her Autobiography.   Saint John of the Cross, also a Doctor of the Church, was in touch with his disciples in Baeza who assisted in the Carmelite reform.   Blessed Bartholomew of the Martyrs was acquainted with his life and holiness through common friends, and many others acknowledged the moral and spiritual authority of the Master.826px-Attributed_to_el_Greco_-_Portrait_of_Juan_de_Ávila_-_Google_Art_Project

4. Although “Father Master Avila” was primarily a preacher, he did not fail to make masterful use of his pen to set forth his teaching.   His memory and his posthumous influence, down to our own times, are closely linked not only to his life and witness but also to his various writings.

His major work, Audi, Filia, a classic of spirituality, is his most systematic treatise, wide-ranging and complete; its definitive edition was completed by the author in the last years of his life.  The Catechism or Christian Doctrine, the only work printed during his lifetime (1554), is a pedagogical synthesis of the content of the faith, addressed to children and adults.   The Treatise on the Love of God, a literary gem, reflects the depths of his insight into the mystery of Christ, the Incarnate Word and Redeemer.   The Treatise on the Priesthood is a brief compendium including his conversations, sermons and letters.   Saint John’s writings also include minor works consisting of guidelines or recommendations (avisos) for the spiritual life.   The Treatises on Reform are linked to the Council of Trent and the provincial synods which implemented it, and fittingly deal with personal and ecclesial renewal.   The Sermons and Conversations, like his Letters, are writings which span the entire liturgical year and the years of his priestly ministry. His commentaries on the Bible — including those on the Letter to the Galatians, the First Letter of John and others — are systematic expositions of remarkable insight and of great pastoral value.

All these works are marked by profound content, a clearly pedagogical format and the use of images and examples which give a glimpse into the sociological and ecclesial realities of the time.   The tone is one of supreme trust in God’s love, which calls each person to the perfection of charity.   His language is the classical and sober Castilian of his birthplace, La Mancha, coloured at times by the imagination and warmth of the south, an environment in which he spent the greater part of his apostolic life.

In his effort to discern the working of the Spirit in the Church during a complex historical period fraught with confusion, cultural change, various currents of humanism and the search for new forms of spirituality, he was clear in his presentation of criteria and concepts.

5. In his teaching, Master John of Avila constantly spoke of baptism and redemption as spurs to growth in holiness.   He explained that Christian spiritual life, as a participation in the life of the Blessed Trinity, begins with faith in the God who is Love, is grounded in God’s goodness and mercy as expressed in the merits of Christ and is wholly guided by the Spirit;  that is to say, by love of God and our brothers and sisters.   He writes: “Open your little heart to that breadth of love by which the Father gave us His Son, and with Him gave us Himself and the Holy Spirit and all things besides” (Letter 160). And again:  “Your neighbour is a concern of Jesus Christ” (ibid., 62), and therefore: “The proof of perfect love of our Lord is seen in the perfect love of our neighbour” (ibid., 103).   He also showed a deep appreciation of created realities, ordering them in the perspective of love.

Since we are temples of the Trinity, it is the Triune God who grants us His own life and thus our hearts become gradually one with God and our brothers and sisters.   The way of the heart is one of simplicity, goodness, love and filial affection.   This life according to the Spirit is markedly ecclesial, for it expresses the spousal love between Christ and the Church — the central theme of Audi, Filia.   It is also Marian:   configuration to Christ, through the working of the Holy Spirit, is a process of growth in virtues and gifts which takes Mary as our model and Mother.   The missionary dimension of spirituality, derived from its ecclesial and Marian dimension, is clearly seen in the writings of Master Avila, who calls for apostolic zeal grounded in contemplation and the constant pursuit of holiness.   Devotion to the saints is something he recommends, since they point us toward “a great Friend, God himself, who embraces our hearts in His love (…) and commands us to have many other friends, who are His saints” (Letter 222).

6. If Master Avila was a pioneer in pointing to the universal call to holiness, he also had an essential role in the historical development of a systematic doctrine on the priesthood.   Down the centuries his writings have been a source of inspiration for priestly spirituality and even a current of mysticism among secular priests.   His influence can clearly be seen in a number of later spiritual writers.

Central to Master Avila’s teaching is the insight that, as priests, “during the Mass we place ourselves on the altar in the person of Christ to carry out the office of the Redeemer Himself” (Letter 157) and that acting in persona Christi demands that we humbly embody God’s paternal and maternal love.   This calls for a particular lifestyle, marked by regular recourse to the word of God and the Eucharist, by the adoption of a spirit of poverty, by preaching “temperately”, in other words, based on prior study and prayer and by love for the Church as the Bride of Christ.

The creation of means for providing candidates to the priesthood with a suitable formation, the need for greater holiness among the clergy and the necessary reform of ecclesial life were deep and constant concerns of the Holy Master.   A holy clergy is essential to the renewal of the Church and this in turn calls for the careful selection and suitable training of aspirants to the priesthood.   To meet this need, Saint John urged the establishment of seminaries and the creation of a special College for the study of sacred Scripture.   These proposals would affect the entire Church.

The foundation of the University of Baeza, to which he gave all his attention and enthusiasm, turned out to be one of his most successful ventures, since it succeeded in offering seminarians an excellent initial and permanent formation, with special emphasis on the study of a pastorally oriented “positive theology”;   it also gave rise to a priestly school which flourished for centuries.

7. Given the evident and growing reputation for sanctity of Master John of Avila, the cause for his beatification and canonisation was opened in the Archdiocese of Toledo in 1623.   It was not long before witnesses were questioned in Almodóvar del Campo and Montilla, where the Servant of God was born and died and in Córdoba, Granada, Jaen, Baeza and Andujar.   Nevertheless, for various reasons the cause was left unfinished until 1731, when the Archbishop of Toledo sent to Rome the informative processes that had already been completed.   In a decree dated 3 April 1742, Pope Benedict XIV approved Master Avila’s writings and praised his doctrine and on 8 February 1759, Clement XIII declared his heroic virtues.   John of Avila was beatified by Pope Leo XIII on 6 April 1894 and canonised by Pope Paul VI on 31 May 1970.   Acknowledging his outstanding role as a model of priesthood, in 1946 Pius XII named him Patron of the diocesan clergy of Spain.

The title of “Master”, by which Saint John of Avila was known in his lifetime and down the centuries, made it possible, following his canonisation, to consider naming him a Doctor of the Church.   Thus, at the request of Cardinal Benjamín de Arriba y Castro, Archbishop of Tarragona, the twelfth Plenary Assembly of the Spanish Episcopal Conference in July 1970, decided to petition the Holy See to declare him a Doctor of the Universal Church.   Many other petitions followed, particularly on the twenty-fifth anniversary of his canonisation (1995) and the fifth centenary of his birth (1999).

The declaration that a saint is a Doctor of the Universal Church implies the recognition of a charism of wisdom bestowed by the Holy Spirit for the good of the Church and evidenced by the beneficial influence of his or her teaching among the People of God.   All this was clearly evident in the person and work of Saint John of Avila.   He was often sought out by his contemporaries as a master of theology, gifted with the discernment of spirits, and a director of souls.   His help and guidance were sought by great saints and acknowledged sinners, the wise and the unlearned, the poor and the rich;  he was also responsible for important conversions and sought constantly to improve the life of faith and the understanding of the Christian message of those who flocked to him, eager to hear his teaching.   Learned bishops and religious also sought him out as a counsellor, preacher and theologian.   He exerted considerable influence on those who came into contact with him and on the environments in which he moved.

8. Master Avila was not a university professor, although he had organised and served as the first rector of the University of Baeza.   He held no chair in theology but gave lessons in sacred Scripture to lay people, religious and clerics.

He never set forth a systematic synthesis of his theological teaching, yet his theology was prayerful and sapiential.   In his Memorial II to the Council of Trent, he gives two reasons for linking theology and prayer:  the holiness of theological knowledge, and the welfare and up-building of the Church.   As befitted a true humanist endowed with a healthy sense of realism, his was a theology close to life, one which answered the questions of the moment and did so in a practical and understandable way.

The teaching of John of Avila is outstanding for its quality and precision and its breadth and depth, which were the fruit of methodical study and contemplation together with a profound experience of supernatural realities.   His abundant correspondence was soon translated into Italian, French and English.

Particularly evident was his profound knowledge of the Bible, which he wished to be known by all.   For this reason he did not hesitate to expound the Scriptures, both in his daily preaching and his lessons on specific books.   He was in the habit of comparing translations and analysing their literary and spiritual meaning, and was familiar with the most important patristic commentaries.   He was also convinced that study and prayer were necessary for a proper understanding of revelation and that insight into the meaning of the sacred texts could be gained with the aid of tradition and of the magisterium.   From the Old Testament he cited most frequently the Psalms, Isaiah and the Song of Songs.   From the New, he cited the Apostle John and, most of all, Saint Paul. Pope Paul VI, in the Bull for his canonisation, described him as “a faithful imitator of Saint Paul”.

9. The teaching of Master John of Avila clearly contains a sound and enduring message, capable of strengthening and deepening the deposit of faith while lighting up new pathways of doctrine and life.   The relevance of his teaching can be seen by comparing it to the papal magisterium; in this way we see that his eminens doctrina constitutes a genuine charism, a gift of the Holy Spirit to the Church past and present.

The primacy of Christ and of grace which, in relation to the love of God, was a constant theme of Master Avila’s teaching, has been taken up by contemporary theology and spirituality, and has clear implications for pastoral activity, as I stressed in my Encyclical Deus Caritas Est.   Trust, based on the acknowledgement and experience of God’s love, goodness and mercy, has also been proposed in the recent papal magisterium, as for example in the Encyclical Dives in Misericordia and the Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Ecclesia in Europa, which is a real proclamation of the Gospel of hope, as I also wished my Encyclical Spe Salvi to be.   In the Apostolic Letter Ubicumque et Semper, establishing the Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelisation, I noted that “to proclaim fruitfully the word of the Gospel it is first necessary to have a profound experience of God”;   these words evoke the serene and humble figure of this “evangelical preacher” whose outstanding doctrine continues to be most timely.

10. In 2002, the Spanish Episcopal Conference was informed of the positive outcome of the review of the teaching found in the works of Saint John of Avila conducted by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. In 2003 a number of Cardinals, Archbishops and Bishops, Presidents of Bishops’ Conferences, Superiors General of Institutes of Consecrated Life, leaders of ecclesial associations and movements, universities and other institutions, along with certain distinguished individuals, joined the Spanish Episcopal Conference in expressing to Pope John Paul II, through a Postulatory Letter, the appropriateness of bestowing on Saint John of Avila the title of Doctor of the Church.

Once the dossier was forwarded to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints and a relator for the cause was named, it was necessary to draft the relative Positio.   The President and Secretary of the Spanish Episcopal Conference, together with the President of the committee for the doctorate and the postulator of the cause, then signed the definitive Petition (Supplex Libellus) on 10 December 2009.   The particular meeting of the theological consultors of the Congregation met on 18 December 2010 to discuss naming the Holy Master a Doctor of the Church.   The vote was positive.   On 3 May 2011, the plenary session of Cardinal and Bishop members of the Congregation presided over by the Prefect, Cardinal Angelo Amato, and with Archbishop Salvatore Fisichella as relator, decided, with another unanimous vote, to ask me, if I so desired, to declare Saint John of Avila as a Doctor of the Universal Church.   On 20 August 2011, during the World Youth Day celebrations in Madrid, I announced to the People of God: “I will shortly declare Saint John of Avila a Doctor of the Universal Church”.   On 27 May 2012, Pentecost Sunday, I had the joy of telling the throngs of pilgrims from throughout the world gathered in Saint Peter’s Square that “the Spirit, who has spoken through the prophets, continues to inspire with His gifts of wisdom and knowledge men and women committed to the pursuit of truth, who offer new insights into the mystery of God, of man and of the world.   Hence I am pleased to announce that on 7 October next, at the start of the Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, I will proclaim Saint John of Avila and Saint Hildegard of Bingen Doctors of the Universal Church… The sanctity of their lives and the profundity of their doctrine make them perennially relevant:  the grace of the Holy Spirit guided them to that experience of insight into divine revelation and intelligent dialogue with the world which constitutes the constant horizon of the Church’s life and activity. Especially in the light of the new evangelisation to which the Assembly of the Synod of Bishops will be dedicated and the beginning of the Year of Faith, these two Saints and Doctors will be most important and relevant”.

Today, with the help of God and the approval of the whole Church, this act has taken place.   In Saint Peter’s Square, in the presence of many Cardinals and Prelates of the Roman Curia and of the Catholic Church, in confirming the acts of the process and willingly granting the desires of the petitioners, I spoke the following words in the course of the Eucharistic sacrifice: “Fulfilling the wishes of numerous brethren in the episcopate, and of many of the faithful throughout the world, after due consultation with the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, with certain knowledge and after mature deliberation, with the fullness of my apostolic authority I declare Saint John of Avila, diocesan priest, and Saint Hildegard of Bingen, professed nun of the Order of Saint Benedict, to be Doctors of the Universal Church.   In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit”.

I hereby decree the present Letter to be perpetually valid and fully effective and I establish that from this moment anything to the contrary proposed by any person, of whatever authority, knowingly or unknowingly, is invalid and without force.

Given in Rome, at Saint Peter’s, under the ring of the Fisherman, on 7 October 2012, in the eighth year of my Pontificate.

BENEDICTUS PP. XVI

Posted in DOCTORS of the Church, MORNING Prayers, QUOTES of the SAINTS, SAINT of the DAY

Quote/s of the Day – 10 May

Quote/s of the Day – 10 May

“A single ‘Blessed be God!’ when things go wrong, is of more value than a thousand acts of thanksgiving, when things are to our liking.”

A SINGLE BLESSED BE GOD - ST JOHN OF AVILA

“Turn yourself round like a piece of clay
and say to the Lord:
I am clay, and you, Lord, the potter.
Make of me what you will.”

turn yourself round-stjohnofavila

“Your life consists in drawing nearer to God.
To do this you must endeavour to detach yourself
from visible things and remember that
in a short time they will be taken from you.”

St John of Avila – Doctor of the Church

YOUR LIFE CONSISTS - ST JOHN OF AVILA

“The Blessed Sacrament is indeed
the stimulus for us all,
for me as it should be for you,
to forsake all worldly ambitions.”

St Damian de Veuster – St Damian of Molokai

THE BLESSED SACRAMENT - ST DAMIAN DE MOLOKAI

Posted in DOCTORS of the Church, MORNING Prayers, PRACTISING CATHOLIC, PRAYERS of the SAINTS, QUOTES of the SAINTS, SAINT of the DAY, The PASSION

Thought for the Day – 10 May – the Memorial of St John of Avila (1499-1569) Doctor of the Church

Thought for the Day – 10 May – the Memorial of St John of Avila (1499-1569) Doctor of the Church

St Teresa of Ávila, herself a Doctor of the Church, praised John of Ávila for his mastery of elements of the spiritual life.    While he remains a little known and quoted figure, one saint celebrated among many, Master Ávila stands before us today as a witness to the need for continual reform, a commitment to reflection and renewal within the Church and for each one of us as followers of Jesus.

He understood that it is only through a spirit-filled engagement with the Word of God and a steadfast commitment to the pursuit of virtue that individual Christians would be able to fulfil the demands of the Gospel.    In one of his sermons for Pentecost, John of Ávila asked his hearers,  “What effect did the coming of the Holy Ghost have on the Church?   What did the Holy Ghost accomplish in the hearts of those believers to whom He came?   He gave them life, gave them gifts of infinite value, strengthened them and brought them near perfection.”    St John of Ávila, in his life, his teachings and in his legacy, reveals that the Holy Spirit remains at work in the Church and, in this lesser known saint (sadly one who needs to be studied by all) of more than four centuries ago we discover a man, a saint, whose heart burned so purely with the fire of this same Spirit that he remains a light for us today.    (BROTHER HENDERSON, O.S.B., is a Benedictine monk of Saint Meinrad Archabbey.)

And to help us along the way, that is the only way, the way of the Cross of Christ, perhaps this practical bit of advice left us by St John of Avila, will be of assistance in our spiritual growth.   St John of Avila, please pray for us for we all wish to join you as Saint in heaven!

This Doctor and Teacher of our Faith, St John of Avila divides the week into stages of the Passion of Christ:

• Monday think of our Lord’s agony in the garden and what passed in the house of Annas and Caiphas

• Tuesday, of the accusations, the removal from judge to judge, and the flagellation

• Wednesday, of the crowning with thorns and the mockery

• Thursday, of the washing of the feet, and the Blessed Eucharist

• Friday, of the sentence, the carrying of the cross, the crucifixion and death

• Saturday, of the piercing of the side, the taking down from the cross, the burial, and the grief of the Blessed Virgin

• Sunday, of the resurrection and the state of future glory.

st JOHN OF AVILA PRAY FOR US.jpg no 2

Posted in DOCTORS of the Church, QUOTES of the SAINTS, SAINT of the DAY, The WORD

One Minute Reflection – 10 May

One Minute Reflection – 10 May

Then he said to all, “If anyone wishes to come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me.
For whoever wishes to save his life will lose it but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it.” ………Luke 9:23-25

LUKE 9-23,25

REFLECTION – “Dear brothers and sisters, I pray God may open your eyes and let you see what hidden treasures He bestows on us in the trials from which the world thinks only to flee. Shame turns into honour when we seek God’s glory. Present affliction become the source of heavenly glory. To those who suffer wounds in fighting His battles God opens His arms in loving, tender friendship. That is why He (Christ) tells us that if we want to join Him, we shall travel the way He took. It is surely not right that the Son of God should go His way on the path of shame while the sons of men walk the way of worldly honour: “The disciple is not above his teacher, nor the servant greater than his master.” – from a letter by Saint John of Avila

THE DISCIPLE-ST JOHN OF AVILA

PRAYER – Holy God, teach me to accept my cross and to follow Your Son’s way wihout fear or weakess. Grant me he couage to accept the trails I face for the glory of Your Kingdom. Let me learn and understand that in the persecution You allow, You show me Your love! St John of Avila pray for the whole Church, pray for us all, amen.

st JOHN OF AVILA PRAY FOR US

Posted in DOCTORS of the Church, SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 10 May – St John of Avila

Saint of the Day – 10 May – St John of Avila (1499-1569) – Priest, Doctor of the Church, known as the Apostle of Andalusia, Mystic, Author, Preacher, Scholastic teacher, Founder of Schools and Universities – Patron of  Andalusia, Spain, Spain, Spanish secular clergy, World Youth Day 2011.   His Relics are  interred in the Jesuit church at Montilla, Spain.

JOHN OF AVILA 1
A portrait by El Greco (1580)

St John was born in Almodóvar del Campo, in the Province of Ciudad Real, to Alfonso de Ávila, of Jewish converso descent and Catalina Xixón (or Gijón), a wealthy and pious couple.    At the age of fourteen, in 1513, he was sent to the University of Salamanca to study law;   he withdrew in 1517, however, without receiving a degree.

Returning home, Ávila spent the next three years in the practice of austere piety.    His sanctity impressed a Franciscan friar journeying through Almodóvar, on whose advice he resumed his studies.   Thereafter, he undertook the study of philosophy and theology, in which he was fortunate to have as his teacher the noted Dominican friar Domingo de Soto.    It appears that Ávila earned his bachelor’s degree during his years at Alcalá and then left without completing requirements for the licentiate degree.

Both his parents died while Ávila was still a student, and after his ordination in spring 1526, he celebrated his first Mass in the church where they were buried.     He then sold the family property and gave the proceeds to the poor.    He saw in the severing of natural ties a vocation to foreign missionary work and prepared to go to Mexico.    He, therefore, traveled to Seville to await departure for the Indies in January 1527 with the Dominican friar, Julián Garcés, appointed the first Bishop of Tlaxcala.    While waiting in Seville, his unusually great devotion in celebrating Mass and his skills in catechesis and preaching, attracted the attention of Hernando de Contreras, a local priest, who mentioned him to the Archbishop of Seville and Inquisitor General, Alonso Manrique de Lara.    The archbishop saw in the young cleric a powerful instrument to stir up the faith in Andalusia, and after considerable persuasion Juan was induced to abandon his journey to America.

800px-Cueva_en_la_casa_natal_en_Almodóvar_del_Campo
The basement of the family home of John of Ávila in Almodóvar del Campo, Ciudad Real, Spain

John seems to have lived in the initial years after 1526 in a small house in Seville with another priest, probably Contreras and disciples gathered around him, in a loosely structured fraternal life.    It was at the request of the younger sister of one of these disciples, Sancha Carrillo, that he began in 1527 to write the Audi, filia (Listen, Daughter), a work he continued expanding and editing until his death.

Apostle of Andalusia
John’s first sermon was preached on 22 July 1529 and immediately established his reputation.    During his nine years of missionary work in Andalusia, crowds packed the churches at all his sermons.    However, his strong pleas for reform and his denunciation of the behaviour of the aristocracy meant that he was denounced to the office of the Inquisition in Seville in 1531 and put in prison in the summer of 1532.    He was charged with exaggerating the dangers of wealth and with closing the gates of heaven to the rich. The charges were refuted and he was declared innocent and released in July 1533.

Around the end of 1534 or the beginning of 1535, John of Ávila was incardinated into the Diocese of Córdoba, from which he received a small benefice.    This city became his base for directing his disciples and moving around Andalusia, preaching and establishing schools and colleges in various neighbouring cities such as Granada, Baeza, Montilla and Zafra.    It is thought that during this time Ávila received the title of Master of Sacred Theology, probably in Granada around 1538.

Of special importance was the University of Baeza, established in 1538 by a papal bull of Pope Paul III.    Ávila served as its first rector and it became a model for seminaries and for the schools of the Jesuits.

Ávila stayed in Granada from 1538-9, where it appears some kind of community was taking shape.   Likewise, during the years 1546 to 1555, John lived with about 20 disciples in Córdoba, making it seem that he intended to begin some kind of formal foundation of apostolic priests.    However, the foundation and fast expansion of the Jesuits meant that these ideas never came to fruition;   from early 1551, when Ávila began to experience poor health, he began actively encouraging his disciples who so desired to join the Jesuits (around 30 in total seem to have joined).

From early 1551 Ávila was in constant ill-health.   He spent the last years of his life in semi-retirement in the town of Montilla, in the Province of Córdoba.    He died there on 10 May 1569 and in accordance with his wishes was buried in that city, in the Jesuit Church of the Incarnation, which now serves as the sanctuary to his memory.

CORDOBA294191-great-mosque-cathedral-of-cordoba-cordoba-spainfeb-23-032Mosque–Cathedral.of.Córdoba.original.1435

St John of Ávila was declared Venerable by Pope Clement XIII on 8 February 1759 and beatified by Pope Leo XIII on 15 November 1893.    On 31 May 1970 he was canonized by Pope Paul VI.

Pope Benedict XVI named him a Doctor of the Church on 7 October 2012, the Feast of the Holy Rosary.   The proclamation of the two new Doctors of the Church was made by Pope Benedict before tens of thousands of people in St. Peter’s Square.   During his homily, Pope Benedict said that John of Ávila was a “profound expert on the sacred Scriptures, he was gifted with an ardent missionary spirit. He knew how to penetrate in a uniquely profound way the mysteries of the redemption worked by Christ for humanity. A man of God, he united constant prayer to apostolic action. He dedicated himself to preaching and to the more frequent practice of the sacraments, concentrating his commitment on improving the formation of candidates for the priesthood, of religious and of lay people, with a view to a fruitful reform of the Church”.