Posted in SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 15 April – St Ruadán (died 584)

Saint of the Day – 15 April – St Ruadán (died 584) – Priest and Monk –  also known Rowan, Ruadon, Roadan, Rodon and Rodan, was an Irish Christian abbot who founded the monastery of Lorrha (Lothra, County Tipperary, Ireland – see the ruins below), near Terryglass.   He was known for his prophesies. After his death, he was venerated as a saint and as one of the “Twelve Apostles of Ireland”.

img-Twelve-Apostles-of-Ireland.jpg
The Twelve Apostles of Ireland

Ruadhán is said to have been the son of Fergus Bern, son of Dera Dubh, of the race of the kings of Munster.  He studied and was ordained at Clonard.  He was educated in Clonard County Westmeath by St Finian (470-549).   He replaced St Brendan (the navigator) at Lorrha who preceded to cross the Shannon and set up his monastery at Clonfert Co. Galway.

Ruadhan founded a monastic settlement at Lorrha that would have consisted of a monastery and various other buildings including cells for the many monks that would have lived here.   Also a ditch or large mound would have been built around the settlement to keep animals in and intruders out, the outlines of these are still visible today.   Life for the monks would have been tough but simple, rising early from their beds which would have consisted of rushes or straw placed on the bare ground.   They then would pray and fast between their domestic chores.   The settlement would have been self-sufficient providing everything from food, clothing, to shelter.  Despite the evidence of conflicts with the surrounding hierarchy and with St Brendan, Ruadhán was highly regarded.   His monastery was said to have had 150 monks with a very holy reputation.

Ruadhan
St Ruadhan from a set of paintings of the Twelve Apostles of Ireland

On the site of this settlement are the remains of an 11th century church probably on the spot of Ruadhan’s original monastery.   It has at the west end of the south wall an ornate doorway that shows many carved motifs including a pelican drawing blood from its breast.   Also there are the remains of two high crosses with only the decorated shafts remaining, one of these is said to mark the grave of a Munster king who died at Lorrha, the other is said to mark St Ruadhan’s grave although it seems to have been crafted many years after his death.   Villages and towns often popped up around monastic settlements as trade and refuge attracted the local people, the origin of Lorrha village can be attributed to this.1024px-Lorrha_Priory_of_St._Ruadhan_SW_2010_09_04

There are many legends attributed to Ruadhan but he is probably most famous for his curse on the High King’s residence at Tara after the king, Diarmuid Mac Cerbhaill, had violated the sanctity of the church by taken a hostage from its protection.   The downfall of Tara from a once thriving royal residence is credited to Ruadhan.

Ruadhan’s hand, enshrined in silver, was preserved at Lorrha until the Reformation time, when it was lost.  The bell of St Ruadhan which was found in a well named after the Saint is kept in the British Museum after being discovered many years ago.   This well is situated across the road from the present day Church of Ireland.

“My splendid cloak adorned with gold which was on the altar of Rome, bring it to Ruadhan of Lortha, since we shall die this day” extract from the last will and testament of the high king of Cashel.

Today both the Catholic and Church of Ireland churches in Lorrha in the diocese of Killaloe, are dedicated to St Ruadhán.

Base of High Cross at St Ruadhan's Abbey.JPG
Base of the High Cross at St Ruadhan’s Abbey

Praise in the Féilire of Aengus
Aengus praises Ruadhán in his Féilire on his feast of 15th April:

Prímdae bréo nád athbi
ar-fich tola tothlai,
ba caín lie lógmar
Ródán lócharn Lothrai.

An excellent flame that does not wane,
that vanquishes urgent desires.
Fair was the gem,
Ruadhán, lamp of Lorrha.

 

Author:

Passionate Catholic. Being Catholic is a way of life - a love affair both with God and Father, our Lord Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit, our most Blessed and Beloved Virgin Mother Mary and the Church. "Religion must be like the air we breathe..."- St John Bosco With the Saints, we "serve the Lord with one consent and serve the Lord with one pure language, not indeed to draw them forth from their secure dwelling-places, not superstitiously to honour them, or wilfully to rely on the, ... but silently to contemplate them for edification, thereby encouraging our faith, enlivening our patience..." Blessed John Henry Newman Prayer is what the world needs combined with the example of our lives which testify to the Light of Christ. This site will mainly concentrate on Daily Prayers, Novenas and the Memorials and Feast Days of our friends in Heaven, the Saints who went before us and the great blessings the Church provides in our Catholic Monthly Devotions. "For the saints are sent to us by God as so many sermons. We do not use them, it is they who move us and lead us, to where we had not expected to go.” Charles Cardinal Journet (1891-1975) This is a papal fidelity site. Loyal and Obedient to the Current Pope and to the Magisterium United With Him.

2 thoughts on “Saint of the Day – 15 April – St Ruadán (died 584)

    1. Thanks Anne Marie and believe it was a battle to find his story and piece it together. So many of these great Monk Saints of days gone by – perhaps they are sorely needed again. Men of prayer, penance and mystery.

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