Posted in MARIAN TITLES, SAINT of the DAY, YouTube VIDEOS

Feast of Our Lady of Knock and Memorials of the Saints – 21 August

St Pope Pius X (1835-1914) (Memorial)
Biography:
https://anastpaul.com/2018/08/21/saint-of-the-day-21-august-st-pope-pius-x-1835-1914-pope-of-the-blessed-sacrament/

Our Lady of Knock: Our Lady, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist appeared in a blaze of light at the south gable of Saint John the Baptist Church, Knock, County Mayo, Ireland, on 21 August 1879. They appeared to float about two feet above the ground and each would occasionally move toward the visionaries and then away from them. The Blessed Virgin Mary was clothed in white robes with a brilliant crown on her head. Where the crown fitted to her brow, she wore a beautiful full-bloom golden rose. She was praying with her eyes and hands raised towards Heaven. Saint Joseph wore white robes, stood on Our Lady’s right and was turned towards her in an attitude of respect. Saint John was dressed in white vestment, stood was on Mary’s left and resembled a Bishop, with a small mitre. He appeared to be preaching and he held an open book in his left hand. Behind them and a little to the left of Saint John was a plain altar on which was a cross and a lamb with adoring angels. The apparition was witnessed by fifteen people. Miraculous cures were reported soon after in the area and it is now a major pilgrimage destination. Patronage – Ireland.

St Abraham of Smolensk (Died c 1222)
His Life:

https://anastpaul.com/2019/08/21/saint-of-the-day-21-august-saint-abraham-of-smolensk-died-c-1222/
St Agapius of Edessa
St Agathonicus of Constantinople
St Anastasius Cornicularius
St Aria of Rome
St Avitus I of Clermont
St Bassa of Edessa
Bl Beatrice de Roelas
St Bernhard of Lérida
St Bernard de Alziva
St Bonosus
Bl Bruno Zembol
St Camerinus of Sardinia
St Cameron
St Cisellus of Sardinia
St Cyriaca
St Euprepius of Verona
St Fidelis of Edessa
Bl Gilbert of Valenciennes
St Gracia of Lérida
St Hardulph
St Joseph Nien Vien
Bl Ladislaus Findysz
St Leontius the Elder
St Luxorius of Sardinia
St Maria of Lérida
St Maximianus the Soldier
St Maximilian of Antioch
St Natale of Casale Monferrato
St Paternus of Fondi
St Privatus of Mende
St Quadratus of Utica
St Sidonius Apollinaris (c 430 – 489) Bishop
St Theogonius of Edessa
Bl Victoire Rasoamanarivo
St Zoticus the Philosopher

Martyred in the Spanish Civil War:
• Blessed Joan Cuscó Oliver
• Blessed Joan Vernet Masip
• Blessed Pedro Mesonero Rodríguez
• Blessed Pere Sadurní Raventós
• Blessed Ramon Peiró Victori
• Blessed Salvador Estrugo Salves

Posted in SAINT of the DAY

Saint of the Day – 21 August – Saint Abraham of Smolensk (Died c 1222)

Saint of the Day – 21 August – Saint Abraham of Smolensk (Died c 1222) Monk, Abbot, Priest, apostle of the poor, Preacher, Biblical scholar and spiritual adviser – born in the 12th century at Smolensk, Russia and died in c 1222 at Smolensk, Russia of natural causes. Patronage – Smolensk.  He is venerated as a saint in both the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church.   Pope Paul III Canonised him as a saint in 1549.Abraham-of-Smolensk.jpg

Abraham was born in Smolensk, Russia during the mid twelfth century to a wealthy family, a son after twelve daughters.   From childhood he grew up in the fear of God.   He often was in church and had the opportunity to read books.   As an only son, his parents hoped he would marry and continue their illustrious lineage.   However, he sought a different life.

After the death of his parents, he gave away all his wealth to monasteries, churches and the destitute.   He walked through the city in rags, asking God to show him the way to salvation.   Abraham entered the Monastery of the Most Holy Mother of God (Bogoroditskaya Monastery), near Smolensk and accepted tonsure as a monk.   He accepted various obediences at the monastery and fervently occupied himself with the copying books and culling spiritual riches from them.

Prince Roman Rostislavich of Smolensk established a school in the city, at which not only Slavonic but also Greek and Latin books were used to teach.   The prince also had a large collection of books, which the Monk Abraham use.   He became very popular among the laity as he worked for the sick and troubled.   He also became a noted biblical scholar in pre-Mongol Russia.   He lived austerely and preached on the Last Judgement, while developing a genuine apostolate for the sick and poor of the region.

He lived as an ascetic for more than 30 years at the monastery, when in the year 1198 Bishop Ignatius of Smolensk persuaded him to accept the dignity of priest.   From his ordination Fr Abraham celebrated daily the Holy Mass and fulfilled the obedience of clergy not only for the brethren but also for the laypeople.

Fr Abraham had been characterised as being a man of stern and militant character, who kept the idea of the Last Judgement in the minds of himself and others.   While very popular among the laity, he was less popular among many of the local clergy, who came to view him with enmity and jealousy.   This animosity among the brethren in time reached Bishop Ignastius and after five years he was compelled to transfer to the Cross-Exaltation Monastery in the city of Smolensk.

At the poor monastery, Fr Abraham began a program to improve it.   From the offerings by the faithful, he embellished the cathedral church with icons, curtains and candle-stands.   On two icons that he himself inscribed were themes that most of all concerned him.   One depicted the dreaded Last Judgement and, on the other, the suffering of the trials of life.   He was strict both towards himself and towards his spiritual children. He preached constantly in church and to those who came to him in his cell, conversing with rich and poor alike.   An ascetic, lean and pale from extreme toil, in priestly garb he resembled in appearance St Basil the Great.

His unpopularity among the city notables and the clergy remained and they soon demanded of Bishop Ignatius that he bring Fr Abraham to trial, with accusations of the seduction of women and the tempting of his spiritual children.   But even more terrible were the accusations of heresy and reading of forbidden books, for which his enemies proposed to drown or burn him.   At the trial before the prince and the bishop, Fr Abraham rebutted all the false accusations.   But despite his defence, he was suspended as a priest and returned to his former monastery of the Most Holy Mother of God.

However, the city soon faced a terrible drought and the citizens of Smolensk demanded that Fr Abraham be restored.   This clamour for reinstatement led to a second investigation by Bishop Ignatius, one that cleared his name.   Only after Bishop Ignatius acquitted Fr Abraham, lifting his suspension and permitting him to serve and preach again, did the rain again fall on the Smolensk lands, ending the drought.

Bishop Ignatius built a new monastery, in honour of the Placing of the Robe of the Most Holy Mother of God to which he entrusted its guidance to Fr Abraham.   It was to this monastery that Bishop Ignatius, now the spiritual friend of Fr Abraham, himself retired because of his advanced age.   Many brethren desired to enter under the guidance of Fr Abraham but he examined them very intensely and only accepted those after great investigation, so that at his monastery there were but seventeen brethren.   Fr Abraham, after the death of Bishop Ignatius even more so than before, urged the brethren to reminisce about death and to pray day and night, that they be not condemned in the Judgement by God.

St Abraham died about the year 1222, having spent 50 years as a Monk.   Already at the end of the thirteenth century a service to him had been compiled by his student and disciple, the Monk Ephrem.   The Mongol/Tatar invasion, seen as the wrath of God for sin, not only did not stifle the memory of St Abraham of Smolensk but rather, was a reminder to people of his calling to repentance and recollection of the dreaded Last Judgement.

Posted in MARIAN TITLES, SAINT of the DAY

Memorials of the Saints – 21 August

St Pope Pius X (1835-1914) (Memorial)
Biography:
https://anastpaul.com/2018/08/21/saint-of-the-day-21-august-st-pope-pius-x-1835-1914-pope-of-the-blessed-sacrament/

Our Lady of Knock:  Our Lady, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist appeared in a blaze of light at the south gable of Saint John the Baptist Church, Knock, County Mayo, Ireland.   They appeared to float about two feet above the ground and each would occassionally move toward the visionaries and then away from them.   The Blessed Virgin Mary was clothed in white robes with a brilliant crown on her head.   Where the crown fitted to her brow, she wore a beautiful full-bloom golden rose. She was praying with her eyes and hands raised towards Heaven.  Saint Joseph wore white robes, stood on Our Lady’s right and was turned towards her in an attitude of respect.   Saint John was dressed in white vestment, stood was on Mary’s left and resembled a bishop, with a small   mitre. He appeared to be preaching and he held an open book in his left hand. Behind them and a little to the left of Saint John was a plain altar on which was a cross and a lamb with adoring angels.   The apparition was witnessed by fifteen people. Miraculous healings were reported soon after in the area and it is now a major pilgrimage destination.   Patronage – Ireland.our lady of knock - lg

765px-Apparition_Chapel_with_Stained_Window
Altar sculpture at Knock, based on accounts of the apparition.

St Abraham of Smolensk (Died c 1222)
St Agapius of Edessa
St Agathonicus of Constantinople
St Anastasius Cornicularius
St Aria of Rome
St Avitus I of Clermont
St Bassa of Edessa
Bl Beatrice de Roelas
St Bernhard of Lérida
St Bernard de Alziva
St Bonosus
Bl Bruno Zembol
St Camerinus of Sardinia
St Cameron
St Cisellus of Sardinia
St Cyriaca
St Euprepius of Verona
St Fidelis of Edessa
Bl Gilbert of Valenciennes
St Gracia of Lérida
St Hardulph
St Joseph Nien Vien
Bl Ladislaus Findysz
St Leontius the Elder
St Luxorius of Sardinia
St Maria of Lérida
St Maximianus the Soldier
St Maximilian of Antioch
St Natale of Casale Monferrato
St Paternus of Fondi
St Privatus of Mende
St Quadratus of Utica
St Sidonius Apollinaris
St Theogonius of Edessa
Bl Victoire Rasoamanarivo
St Zoticus the Philosopher

Martyred in the Spanish Civil War:
• Blessed Joan Cuscó Oliver
• Blessed Joan Vernet Masip
• Blessed Pedro Mesonero Rodríguez
• Blessed Pere Sadurní Raventós
• Blessed Ramon Peiró Victori
• Blessed Salvador Estrugo Salves